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Bus 320 connect homework 5

.

value:
1.00 points

 

Problem 10-2 Bond value [LO3]

Applied Software has $1,000 par value bonds outstanding at 16 percent interest. The bonds will mature in 20 years. Use Appendix B and Appendix D.

     

Compute the current price of the bonds if the present yield to maturity is (Round “PV Factor” to 3 decimal places, intermediate and final answers to 2 decimal places. Omit the “$” sign in your response):

    

 

Price of the
bond

  (a) 8 percent

$  on investment

  

(2)

  Ke increases

  

(3)

  g increases

  


rev: 10_18_2012

 

18.

value:
1.00 points

 

Problem 11-2 Cost of capital [LO2]

Speedy Delivery Systems can buy a piece of equipment that should provide an 8 percent return and can be financed at 5 percent with debt. The CEO likes earning more than the cost of debt, and he thinks this would be a good deal. The firm can also buy a machine that would yield a 16 percent return but would cost 18 percent to finance through common equity. Earning less than the cost of equity sounds bad to the CEO. Assume debt and common equity each represent 50 percent of the firm’s capital structure.

 

(a)

Compute the weighted average cost of capital. (Round your intermediate and final answers to 1 decimal place. Omit the “%” sign in your response.)

 

  Weighted average cost of capital

[removed] %  

 

(b)

Which project(s) should be accepted?

 

 

 

[removed]

Piece of equipment should be financed.

[removed]

New machine should be financed.

 

 

19.

value:
1.00 points

 

Problem 11-3 Effect of discount rate [LO2]

A brilliant young scientist is killed in a plane crash. It was anticipated that he could have earned $210,000 a year for the next 20 years. The attorney for the plaintiff’s estate argues that the lost income should be discounted back to the present at 4 percent. The lawyer for the defendant’s insurance company argues for a discount rate of 15 percent.

 

What is the difference between the present value of the settlement at 4 percent and 15 percent? Compute each one separately. Use Appendix D. (Round “PV Factor” to 3 decimal places. Round your answers to the nearest dollar amount. Omit the “$” sign in your response)

 

 

Present value

  PV at 4% rate

$

[removed]  

  PV at 15% rate

 

[removed]  

 

  Difference

$

[removed]  

 

 

 

 20.

value:
1.00 points

 

Problem 11-5 Aftertax cost of debt [LO3]

Calculate the aftertax cost of debt under each of the following conditions. (Round your answers to 2 decimal places. Omit the “%” sign in your response.)

  

 

Yield

 

Corporate
tax rate

 

Cost of debt

 a.

7.0

 %

   

31

 %

     

[removed] %

 

 b.

14.0

 

 

 

25

 

 

 

 

[removed]    

 

 c.

15.5

 

 

 

25

 

 

 

 

[removed]    

 

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 21.

value:
1.00 points

 

Problem 11-7 Aftertax cost of debt [LO3]

The Goodsmith Charitable Foundation, which is tax-exempt, issued debt last year at 9 percent to help finance a new playground facility in Los Angeles. This year the cost of debt is 25 percent higher; that is, firms that paid 11 percent for debt last year will be paying 13.75 percent this year.

  

(a)

If the Goodsmith Charitable Foundation borrowed money this year, what would the aftertax cost of debt be, based on its cost last year and the 25 percent increase? (Round your answer to 2 decimal places. Omit the “%” sign in your response.)

  

  Cost of debt

[removed] %  

  

(b)

If the receipts of the foundation were found to be taxable by the IRS (at a rate of 35 percent because of involvement in political activities), what would the aftertax cost of the debt be? (Round your answer to 2 decimal places. Omit the “%” sign in your response.)

  

 

 

22.

value:
1.00 points

 

Problem 11-9 Approximate yield to maturity and cost of debt [LO3]

Airbone Airlines, Inc., has a $1,000 par value bond outstanding with 30 years to maturity. The bond carries an annual interest payment of $100 and is currently selling for $880. Airbone is in the 25 percent tax bracket. The firm wishes to know what the aftertax cost of a new bond issue is likely to be. The yield to maturity on the new issue will be the same as the yield to maturity on the old issue because the risk and maturity date will be similar.

 

(a)

Compute the approximate yield to maturity on the old issue and use this as the yield for the new issue.(Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your answer to 2 decimal places. Omit the “%” sign in your response.)

 

  Yield on new issue

[removed] %  

 

(b)

Make the appropriate tax adjustment to determine the aftertax cost of debt. (Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your answer to 2 decimal places. Omit the “%” sign in your response.)

 

  Cost of debt

[removed] %  

check my workeBook Linkreferences


 

 

 23.

value:
1.00 points

 

Problem 11-11 Changing rates and cost of debt [LO3]

Russell Container Corporation has a $1,800 par value bond outstanding with 20 years to maturity. The bond carries an annual interest payment of $111 and is currently selling for $1,200 per bond. Russell Corp. is in a 20 percent tax bracket. The firm wishes to know what the aftertax cost of a new bond issue is likely to be. The yield to maturity on the new issue will be the same as the yield to maturity on the old issue because the risk and maturity date will be similar.

Assume that the yield on the bonds goes up by 1 percentage point and that the tax rate is now 39 percent.

 

(a)

What is the new after-tax cost of debt? (Hint: Use the approximate yield to maturity to compute after-tax cost of debt) (Round your answer to 2 decimal places. Omit the “%” sign in your response.)

 

  Cost of debt

[removed] %  

 

(b)

Has the aftertax cost of debt gone up or down?

 

 

 

[removed]

It has gone up.

[removed]

It has gone down.

 

 

 24.

value:
2.00 points

 

Problem 11-12 Real-world example and cost of debt [LO3]

KFW is planning to issue debt that will mature in the year 2012. In many respects the issue is similar to currently outstanding debt of the corporation. Using Table 11-2, identify:

 

(a)

The yield to maturity on similarly outstanding debt for the firm, in terms of maturity. (Round your answer to 2 decimal places. Omit the “%” sign in your response.)

 

 

(b)

Calculate yield to maturity with an increase of 0.25 percent than the value determined in part a. (Round your answer to 2 decimal places. Omit the “%” sign in your response.)

 

 

(c)

If the firm is in a 40 percent tax bracket, what is the aftertax cost of debt for yield determined in part b?(Round your answer to 2 decimal places. Omit the “%” sign in your response.)

 

  Cost of debt

[removed] %  


rev: 07-21-2011

 

25.

value:
1.00 points

 

Problem 11-14 Cost of preferred stock [LO3]

The Meredith Corporation issued $100 par value preferred stock 10 years ago. The stock provided an 10 percent yield at the time of issue. The preferred stock is now selling for $70. (Disregard flotation costs.)

  

What is the current yield or cost of preferred stock? (Round your answer to 2 decimal places. Omit the “%” sign in your response.)

  

 

 

 26.

value:
2.00 points

 

Problem 11-15 Comparison of the costs of debt and preferred stock [LO3]

The treasurer of Riley Coal Co. is asked to compute the cost of fixed income securities for her corporation. Even before making the calculations, she assumes the aftertax cost of debt is at least 1 percent less than that for preferred stock.

     Debt can be issued at a yield of 8.6 percent, and the corporate tax rate is 30 percent. Preferred stock will be priced at $54 and pay a dividend of $3.80. The flotation cost on the preferred stock is $2.

 

(a)

Compute the aftertax cost of debt. (Round your answer to 2 decimal places. Omit the “%” sign in your response.)

 

  Aftertax cost of debt

[removed] %  

 

(b)

Compute the aftertax cost of preferred stock. (Round your answer to 2 decimal places. Omit the “%” sign in your response.)

 

  Aftertax cost of preferred stock

[removed] %  

 

(c)

Based on the facts given above, is the treasurer correct?

 

 

 

 

 

27.

value:
2.00 points

 

Problem 11-17 Costs of retained earnings and new common stock [LO3]

Compute Ke and Kn under the following circumstances:

 

(a)

D1 = $8.00, P0 = $82, g = 7%, F = $6.00. (Round your intermediate and final answers to 2 decimal places. Omit the “%” sign in your response.)

 

 

 

  Ke

[removed] %  

  Kn

[removed] %  

 

(b)

D1 = $0.50, P0 = $46, g = 3%, F = $4.50. (Round your intermediate and final answers to 2 decimal places. Omit the “%” sign in your response.)

 

 

 

  Ke

[removed] %  

  Kn

[removed] %  

 

(c)

E1 (earnings at the end of period one) = $13, payout ratio equals 40 percent, P0 = $46, g = 3.5%, F = $2.10. (Round your intermediate and final answers to 2 decimal places. Omit the “%” sign in your response.)

 

 

 

  Ke

[removed] %  

  Kn

[removed] %  

 

(d)

D0 (dividend at the beginning of the first period) = $6, growth rate for dividends and earnings (g) = 4%, P0= $72, F = $3. (Round your intermediate and final answers to 2 decimal places. Omit the “%” sign in your response.)

 

 

 

  Ke

[removed] %  

  Kn

[removed] %  


28.

value:
1.00 points

 

Problem 11-19 Weighted average cost of capital [LO1]

United Business Forms’ capital structure is as follows:

  

  

 

  Debt

40

%

  Preferred stock

15

 

  Common equity

45

 

  

The aftertax cost of debt is 11 percent, the cost of preferred stock is 14 percent, and the cost of common equity (in the form of retained earnings) is 17 percent.

  

Calculate United Business Forms’ weighted cost of each source of capital and the weighted average cost of capital. (Round your answers to 2 decimal places. Omit the “%” sign in your response.)

  

  

Weighted cost

  Debt (Kd)

[removed]

%  

  Preferred stock (Kp)

[removed]

 

  Common equity (Ke)

[removed]

 

  

  Weighted average cost of capital (Ka)

[removed]

%  

  

check my workeBook LinkView Hint #1references

 

 

29.

value:
2.00 points

 

Problem 11-21 Weighted average cost of capital [LO1]

Sauer Milk, Inc., wants to determine the minimum cost of capital point for the firm. Assume it is considering the following financial plans:

 

 

Cost
(aftertax)

Weights

  Plan A

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Debt

 

5.0

%

 

20

%

  Preferred stock

 

10.0

 

 

10

 

  Common equity

 

14.0

 

 

70

 

  Plan B

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Debt

 

5.2

%

 

30

%

  Preferred stock

 

10.2

 

 

10

 

  Common equity

 

15.0

 

 

60

 

  Plan C

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Debt

 

6.0

%

 

40

%

  Preferred stock

 

15.7

 

 

10

 

  Common equity

 

11.6

 

 

50

 

  Plan D

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Debt

 

12.0

%

 

50

%

  Preferred stock

 

16.6

 

 

10

 

  Common equity

 

13.6

 

 

40

 

 

(a-1)

Compute the weighted average cost for four plans. (Round your intermediate and final answers to 2 decimal places. Omit the “%” sign in your response.)

 

 

Weighted cost

  Plan A

[removed] %  

  Plan B

[removed]      

  Plan C

[removed]      

  Plan D

[removed]      

 

(a-2)

Which of the four plans has the lowest weighted average cost of capital?

 

 

 

[removed]

Plan A

[removed]

Plan B

[removed]

Plan C

[removed]

Plan D

 

(b)

Among Plan C and Plan D, which has higher weighted average cost of capital.

 

 

[removed]

Plan D

[removed]

Plan C

 

30.

value:
2.00 points

 

Problem 11-25 Changes in cost and weighted average cost of capital [LO1]

A-Rod Manufacturing Company is trying to calculate its cost of capital for use in making a capital budgeting decision. Mr. Jeter, the vice-president of finance, has given you the following information and has asked you to compute the weighted average cost of capital.

   

     The company currently has outstanding a bond with a 9.6 percent coupon rate and another bond with an 7.2 percent rate. The firm has been informed by its investment banker that bonds of equal risk and credit rating are now selling to yield 10.5 percent. The common stock has a price of $50 and an expected dividend (D1) of $1.70 per share. The historical growth pattern (g) for dividends is as follows:

     

 


$1.25

 

1.39

 

1.54

 

1.70

    

     The preferred stock is selling at $70 per share and pays a dividend of $6.60 per share. The corporate tax rate is 30 percent. The flotation cost is 2.0 percent of the selling price for preferred stock. The optimum capital structure for the firm is 25 percent debt, 10 percent preferred stock, and 65 percent common equity in the form of retained earnings.

     

(a)

Compute the historical growth rate. (Round your intermediate calculations and your final answer to 2 decimal Places. Omit the “%” sign in your response.)

    

  Growth rate

[removed] %  

   

(b)

Compute the cost of capital for the individual components in the capital structure. (Round growth rate to nearest whole percent. Round your answers to 2 decimal places. Omit the “%” sign in your response.)

     

 

Cost of capital

  Debt (Kd)

[removed] %  

  Preferred stock (Kp)

[removed]      

  Common equity (Ke)

[removed]      

      

(c)

Calculate the weighted cost of each source of capital and the weighted average cost of capital. (Round your intermediate calculations and  final answers to 2 decimal places. Omit the “%” sign in your response.)

     

 

Weighted cost

  Debt (Kd)

[removed] %  

  Preferred stock (Kp)

[removed]      

  Common equity (Ke)

[removed]      

 

  Weighted average cost of capital (Ka)

[removed] %  

 

31.

value:
2.00 points

 

Problem 11-26 Impact of credit ratings on cost of capital [LO3]

Northwest Utility Company faces increasing needs for capital. Fortunately, it has an Aa3 credit rating. The corporate tax rate is 35 percent. Northwest’s treasurer is trying to determine the corporation’s current weighted average cost of capital in order to assess the profitability of capital budgeting projects.

   

     Historically, the corporation’s earnings and dividends per share have increased about 4.6 percent annually and this should continue in the future. Northwest’s common stock is selling at $69 per share, and the company will pay a $6.20 per share dividend (D1).

   

     The company’s $106 preferred stock has been yielding 6 percent in the current market. Flotation costs for the company have been estimated by its investment banker to be $4.00 for preferred stock.

   

     The company’s optimum capital structure is 35 percent debt, 10 percent preferred stock, and 55 percent common equity in the form of retained earnings. Refer to the table below on bond issues for comparative yields on bonds of equal risk to Northwest.

   

Data on Bond Issues

  Issue

Moody’s
rating

 

Price

Yield to maturity

  Utilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

     Southwest electric power––71/4 2023

Aa2

$

920.18

 

8.66

%

     Pacific bell––73/8 2025

Aa3

 

896.25

 

8.44

 

     Pennsylvania power & light––81/2 2022

A2

 

995.66

 

8.45

 

  Industrials:

 

 

 

 

 

 

     Johnson & Johnson––63/4 2023

Aaa

 

850.24

 

8.35

%

     Dillard’s Department Stores––71/8 2023

A2

 

910.92

 

8.88

 

     Marriott Corp.––10 2015

B2

 

1,060.10

 

9.55

 

   

(a)

Compute the cost of debt, Kd (use the accompanying table—relate to the utility bond credit rating for yield.) (Round your answer to 2 decimal places. Omit the “%” sign in your response.)

   

  Cost of debt

[removed] %  

   

(b)

Compute the cost of preferred stock, Kp. (Round your answer to 2 decimal places. Omit the “%” sign in your response.)

   

  Cost of preferred stock

[removed] %  

   

(c)

Compute the cost of common equity in the form of retained earnings, Ke. (Round your answer to 2 decimal places. Omit the “%” sign in your response.)

   

  Cost of common equity

[removed] %  

   

(d)

Compute the weighted average cost of capital. (Round your intermediate and final answers to 2 decimal places. Omit the “%” sign in your response.)

   

 

Weighted cost

  Debt (Kd)

[removed] %  

  Preferred stock (Kp)

[removed]     

  Common equity (Ke)

[removed]      

 

  Weighted average cost of capital (Ka)

[removed] %  

 

 

32.

value:
2.00 points

 

Problem 11-27 Marginal cost of capital [LO5]

Delta Corporation has the following capital structure:

  

 

Cost
(aftertax)

Weights

Weighted
cost

  Debt (Kd)

 

6.6

%

 

20

%

 

1.32

%

  Preferred stock (Kp)

 

11.2

 

 

10

 

 

1.12

 

  Common equity (Ke) (retained earnings)

 

11.2

 

 

70

 

 

7.84

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Weighted average cost of capital (Ka)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10.28

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

(a)

If the firm has $49 million in retained earnings, at what size capital structure will the firm run out of retained earnings? (Enter your answer in millions. Omit the “$” sign in your response.)

  

  Capital structure size (X)

$ [removed] million  

 

(b)

The 6.6 percent cost of debt referred to above applies only to the first $23 million of debt. After that the cost of debt will go up. At what size capital structure will there be a change in the cost of debt? (Enter your answer in millions. Omit the “$” sign in your response.)

  

  Capital structure size (Z)

$ [removed] million  


rev: 04_27_2012

 

 

 33.

value:
2.00 points

 

Problem 11-28 Marginal cost of capital [LO5]

The Nolan Corporation finds that it is necessary to determine its marginal cost of capital. Nolan’s current capital structure calls for 45 percent debt, 15 percent preferred stock, and 40 percent common equity. Initially common equity will be in the form of retained earnings (Ke) and then new common stock (Kn). The costs of the various sources of financing are as follows: debt, 4.2 percent; preferred stock, 6 percent; retained earning, 14 percent; and new common stock, 15.2 percent.

 

(a)

What is the initial weighted average cost of capital? (Round your intermediate calculations and final answer to 2 decimal places. Omit the “%” sign in your response.)

 

  Weighted average cost of capital

[removed] %  

 

(b)

If the firm has $26 million in retained earnings, at what size capital structure will the firm run out of retained earnings? (Enter your answer in millions. Omit the “$” sign in your response.)

 

  Capital structure size (X)

$ [removed] million  

 

(c)

What will the marginal cost of capital be immediately after that point? (Equity will remain at 40 percent of the capital structure, but will all be in the form of new common stock, Kn.)(Round your intermediate calculations and final answer to 2 decimal places. Omit the “%” sign in your response.)

 

  Marginal cost of capital

[removed] %  

 

(d)

The 4.2 percent cost of debt referred to above applies only to the first $45 million of debt. After that the cost of debt will be 6.5 percent. At what size capital structure will there be a change in the cost of debt?(Enter your answer in millions. Omit the “$” sign in your response.)

 

  Capital structure size (Z)

$ [removed] million  

 

(e)

What will the marginal cost of capital be immediately after that point? (Consider the facts in both parts cand d.) (Round your intermediate calculations and final answer to 2 decimal places. Omit the “%” sign in your response.)

 

  Marginal cost of capital

[removed] %  

check my workeBook Lin

 

 

34.

value:
2.00 points

 

Problem 11-30 Capital asset pricing model and dividend valuation model [LO3]

Eaton Electronic Company’s treasurer uses  both the capital asset pricing model and the dividend valuation model to compute the cost of common equity (also referred to as the required rate of return for common equity).

   

Assume:

Rf

=

 

5

%

Km

=

 

11

%

β

=

 

1.3

 

D1

=

$

.75

 

P0

=

$

15

 

g

=

 

9

%

   

(a)

Compute Ki (required rate of return on common equity based on the capital asset pricing model).(Round your final answers to 2 decimal places. Omit the “%” sign in your response.)

   

   

(b)

Compute Ke (required rate of return on common equity based on the dividend valuation model). (Round your intermediate and final answers to 2 decimal places. Omit the “%” sign in your response.)

   


rev: 06-20-2011

 

 

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    We will give you a paper written explicitly for you. We will ensure that your paper is not delivered to someone else.

    Come to think of this; if five of your classmates decide to order an essay for the same class, five writers will be assigned to work on different papers instead of paraphrasing one paper and sending it to five of you.

    Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

    Do subject specialist writers handle my research paper?

    It's our responsibility to ensure that someone from your field handles your paper. Our company has enough writers from every discipline. We provide only a research writer qualified in your subject to handle your paper. After placing an order, the first step is to screen the question and requirement and match it with the best writer. The less qualified writer has a college diploma, and they only handle high school papers. All other writers are bachelor, masters, and PhD degree holders.

    Are your researchers qualified enough to know the core of the research?

    We commit to quality content. We understand that failure to deliver quality service will result in the loss of clients. Therefore, we only hire qualified writers who have an in-depth understanding of your paper. Whether you want quantitative research done using Chi-square or qualitative research, Thecustomwriting.com’s writers will comfortably handle any discipline or type of paper. Besides, we offer research paper service from college to PhD. Therefore, we cannot afford to have unqualified writers. Our researchers take every instruction keenly when writing your essay.

    Should I worry about order placement?

    There is nothing to worry about placing your order. Our platform has a simple, user-friendly interface that enables you to navigate to different functionalities with ease. We offer quality custom research paper writing services; thus, you don't have to worry about getting value for your money. Besides, you can track your order's progress. Our system progressively send you email notifications regarding every stage of your orders' progress; thus, you don't even have to log in to track down your order. You will also see the progress on the dashboard when you log in. Moreover, our support team will contact you when the writer needs any clarification.

    Can I have direct communication with the writer after the order placement?

    Our system is designed in such a way that it allows you to communicate with your writer directly. We understand the need to clarify things yourself to the writer. Furthermore, our support team is available 24 hours to ensure that urgent matters are communicated swiftly with the writer.

    Will I get any discount on recommendation?

    The answer is yes. We value your efforts and trust to recommend us to your friends. We will offer you a discount on your next order if a client mentions your email when placing an order.

    What guarantees should customers look for?

    We have a written list of what we guarantee our clients in our terms. We guarantee the quality, confidentiality, free revision, original content, and timely delivery. We also guarantee money-back if, in the unlikely event, you are not happy with the quality of the paper.

    What makes a reliable writing company?

    It's easy to know a reputable company. First, they are transparent about their services. They offer multiple methods of communication and have qualified writers. Most importantly, they deliver your work on time, deliver original content, and honour what they have guaranteed.

    Why should customers not opt for cheap essay writing services?

    Cheap essay services will only waste your time. They have foreign writers who will produce plagiarized content full of grammar errors. You will waste your precious time waiting for a paper that you can't give your lecturer.

    Is buying essays online safe?

    It's safe to buy your essay if you take the right precaution. Before putting your money on a strange site, explore the website to see whether you will get customer reviews. They will help you make the right decision.

    How do I hire someone to write an essay for me?

    These are common questions with most clients. It's effortless to get a professional writer. The first step is to identify a custom research paper writing service that is legit and sign up. After that, they will guide you on how to place your order and get a writer. Some companies will allow you to choose a writer for yourself or choose a writer for you.

    What types of writing services can I order online?

    Our website offers a variety of legit essay services. We provide any academic assistance, including research projects, assignments, and admission letters. Visit our website to see what each service entails.

    What benefits and additional features do Thecustomwriting.com services offer?

    We offer several free services to our customers. We offer free revision, a discount on your first order, and free pages such as references and cover pages. Also, we have a quality control department that ensures that all papers are of high quality before delivering them to you.

    Do websites maintain your privacy? Are orders secured?

    Your privacy is our top priority. You will be recognized by your I.D. assigned to you after signup instead of your name. The only person who can access your account is you or anyone else you give your password. Your payment is through a third party. Therefore, your personal information will never reach our site without your consent.

    What are the pros of ordering from custom writing services?

    You get quality papers. We have writers with decades of experience delivering quality papers worth the client's money and much more. We understand your power to influence our progress. Your paper will be delivered on time and written by professional writers.

    Hire a professional writer

    Now that you know what to look for when considering the custom research paper writing services, it's time to try us. Sign up and get a discount on your first order. You don't have to worry about quality, timely delivery, and price. We know they are essential to you.

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