Discussion board (2) | Article writing homework help

1. Discussion. What is the purpose of consciousness?  That is, why did consciousness evolve (or why was it created)? (complete after reading 2.5)

1A. Discussion Reply.  (Needs to reply this guy – Femi Shah)

Consciousness is the idea that helps people to express their opinion felling share thoughts etc. Its deals with the activity of brain and creates object for the material world. Consciousness makes people alert and deal with the situation. People have emerge mentally, physically and psychologically. Consciuosness develops over generation to adapt interchanging environments. People can adapt in different environment due to consiciousness scientifically it is proved that the theory of consciousness comes from philosophy and religion. All the living creatures have a sense of  consciousness. The main purpose is to make people aware of their surrounding. consciousness is also a solution for different problems. Consciousness also changes behaviour of people in a good manner. Consciousness boosts the confidence of people and they often come to overcome different situations. Consciousness helps maintain balance within ourselves and pass it on generations. Everything that has energy consists of consciousness. Not only humans but birds, flowers, and micro organisms have consciousness and have proven that consciousness is needed to adapt and exist. Animals indeed have a sense of consciousness not as human beings but in a different and unique  manner. For example: when a mosquito sucks blood from a person , it is only trying to feed itself but when humans and even animals feel the sensation of bite we try to go after it and kill it. As a result, the fly flies away due to consciousness.  There is no exact definition of consciousness but people are aware of it. It has been carried out from generations to generations through religion, music, and practices. The universe exists through consciousness and the people living in it. Consciousness is mostly about being aware of ourselves and our surrounding.

2. Discussion. Let’s say that someone who knows you well believes he can predict everything you do and say within a 24 hour period.  Without telling you what he’s up to, he writes down his prediction in great detail. As it turns out, his predictions are correct. Does the fact that someone can accurately predict the behavior of another show that the behavior was determined?  Explain. (complete after reading 3.1)

2A. Discussion Reply. If someone can accurately predict someone’s behavior, then one can say that his behavior was determined. The reason why I feel this way is because thei situation reminds me of casual determinism. Casual determinism is the idea that every event was caused by past events and by the laws of nature. Casual determinism is a very reliable theory to believe in. The reason why is because it can be  supported by every branch of science, including psychology.

        Speaking of science, predicting human behavior led to the nature vs. nuture debate. Does our DNA determines our behavior or does our upbringing determine our behavior? Psychologists and behaviorists tried to predict human behavior. Furthermore, some of their attempts have been successful. For example, B.F.Skinner and his mentor, John B. Watson, believed that how we were raised determine our future behaviors. They proved this by experimenting on pigeons. He was able to train his pigeons to perform any tasks by giving them rewards. These results led them to believe that human behavior can be predicted by how we were brought up. On the contrary, some scientists believe that human behavior can be solely predicted by our genetic makeup. In addition, sociobiologists believe that human behavior can be predicted by looking at our genes. For example, a twin study conducted by Thomas J. Bouchard, revealed that not only can genes shape our physical characteristics ,but it can also shape our mental characteristics as well, such as personality, personal interests, and social attitudes. Although having the proper environment is crucial to genes, genes do play a major role on the way we think and act. It is certain that both nature an nuture play a huge role in determining human behavior.

   In essence, if a psychologist could have been able to predict someone else’s behavior, then the behavior was determined. If a sociobiologist could have predicted someone’s behavior, then the behavior was determined. Thus, if a knowledgeable person was able to accurately predict someone’s behavior, then that behavior was determined. Casual determinism can perfectly explain that human behaviors are caused by past events and by the laws of nature.




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