Anthropocentrism refers to a human-centered point of view. Anthropocentric individuals believe that all other beings exist to meet human needs. People holding this notion opine that human beings have the right to dictate the moral standing of all other organisms. In addition, they see nature as a valuable resource to human existence and advocate for its sustainable use.
Example- advocates of anthropocentrism often promote the preservation of the environment.
Biocentrism is a theory that explains that all organisms are central pieces to being, reality, and the cosmos. Supporters of this notion argue that each living thing forms an important part of life and has equal intrinsic value that entitles it to moral respect. The theory explains how life creates the universe and not the other way around. Therefore, humans have a moral duty to preserve the value of living things.
Example- biocentrism faces criticism from a section of scholars.
The book silent spring laid the foundation for the environmental conservation movement. Carson revealed that the massive deaths of birds experienced in the country were as a result of powerful synthetic insecticide, which threatened the entire food chain. Consequently, the paper triggered ecological awareness in the United States and Europe. The former director of natural world argues that Rachael Carson was the first person to show concern and address the issue well for society to understand it. Consequently, environmental movements successfully convinced many to fight against the corporations that produced powerful insecticides. In addition, her efforts to elaborate on the dangers facing human existence inspired other parties to take action such as the banning of DDT in the United States and later in Britain.
Carson was a brilliant marine biologist and an excellent writer who expressed her views with precision. She focused on researching the deadly killers of birds in the country. Other researchers had proposed several causes including poisons, viruses, and other disease-causing agents but they were inconclusive. The author revealed that the synthetic insecticides used such as DDT were the leading cause of the deaths. She claimed that the drugs poisoned low-level food chain constituents such as insects. The poison ingested went up the food chain since the organisms could not eliminate it from their bodies. She further argued that sprays, dust, and aerosols have become an essential part of modern farming. The chemicals used are so powerful that they destroy even the good insects in the farms, gardens, and forests. She argued that there was no need for farmers to use the insecticides to eliminate a few insects and kill thousands of beneficial insects and birds. Carson’s research is still relevant to the world since the use of DDT and other related chemicals pose a threat to all organisms and humanity.
Environmental ethics is a discipline that aims to identify the moral relationship between human beings and the environment. It focuses on studying the value the environment holds and its moral status. One may wonder whether it is morally acceptable to destroy an overpopulated indigenous species to protect the ecosystem. Moral standing defines the extent society considers an action right or wrong. At times, individuals come across situations that require them to act fast to save lives but destroy the environment in the process.
Religion defines the relationship between an individual and a higher being that they regard holy. There exists a close relationship between religion and the environment as outlined in most Holy books. Under animism, people find a spiritual link between human beings and nature. Similarly, Buddhism respects life and nature as interconnected forces. Buddhists believe in protecting natural resources such as forests because they deem them sacred places. The belief underscores why the monks in Thailand located their monasteries in the endangered forests. Christianity also acknowledges that all creations are works of God and humanity should preserve them. The importance is exhibited by the church of Germany that started using solar power in its 300 churches to encourage the use of clean power to conserve the environment. Other religions also hold that human beings should protect the environment and other organisms as mandated by God. Therefore, it is clear that major religions have a common belief that nature is important and human beings should protect it.
Hundreds of billions of bacteria occupy the human body, but humans still consider them a single organism. The Gaia theory encompasses all the living and non-living components of the earth. Contrary to the common belief that the earth exists as a planet whose primary aim is to provide habitat and resources, it seems more of a living organism. Moreover, it functions as a single organism that maintains conditions necessary for its survival, which is the probable reason humans have been referring to it as Mother Nature for a long period. Therefore, Gaia hypothesis assumes that the earth is a single living entity. On the same, James Hutton referred to the earth as a superorganism, which supports Gaia hypothesis. The presence of life keeps the earth’ atmospheric composition in a dynamic steady state, which makes it possible for all organisms to survive.
There exists a deeper interrelationship among plants, atmospherics, animals, and humans based on the way they complement each other. The system exists in a balanced state that provides a feedback mechanism when there is disruption from one entity followed by the necessary correction action. According to Lovelock, the entire ecological system depends on one another to promote life sustenance. The processes regulated by the earth are comparable to the way the theory is symbolic since land acts as the earth’s bones and the living organisms as the senses. The earth behaves like an organism as it changes the conditions and evolves according to the varying needs of the biota. Therefore, negative actions by some of the constituents can have serious implications on the others as depicted by human activities on the environment. Critics of the Gaia theory argue that the earth does not qualify as a living organism as it is not an offspring of any parents and is unable to reproduce.
Earth’s population has increased dramatically in the last few decades. Technological advancements and improved medical care have made it possible for people to live longer and pro-create with minimal risk of losing a life. However, the increased population growth has pressured the environment through the encroachment of natural forests to create habitable areas for the larger population. In addition, human beings engage in activities that lead to environmental pollution, which increases the depletion rate of natural resources. Moreover, agriculture, urbanization, and infrastructure development have many wastes that influence the environment negatively. People need to change the way they interact with the environment through sustainable forestry and agricultural activities. Some of the strategies they can use include utilizing natural based components instead of chemical ones, using biodegradable bags, planting trees, and conserving water catchments. Awareness programs on the importance of conserving the environment can also help in conserving the environment.
Stones argues that trees, animals, waterways, and other natural resources have equal right to participate in legal actions to enforce their agendas. He argues that the law recognizes other nonhuman entities such as corporations and charitable trusts that can sue and be sued in a court of law. Legal changes are already evident considering that children and women have legal rights now. Similarly, forests, rivers, and other natural should have legal obligations to avert abuses by human beings. Stones reasoned that granting these resources legal statuses could allow them to be represented by groups such as Sierra club when human beings abuse them. The organization has already sued some corporation such as the Sierra Club v. Morton case, which it lost because of its inability to prove injury to its interests or its member. However, the judges acknowledged Stones proposal by stating that some of the natural resources and features should be granted legal personhood. Therefore, the case has been instrumental in advancing conservation agendas in the world. It also encouraged conservationists to pursue legal channels when they think that human activities have a long-term negative impact on the environment.
Cochrane, A. (2006). Environmental ethics. Internet encyclopedia of philosophy. Retrieved from https://www.iep.utm.edu/envi-eth/
International Environment Forum. (2010). Religions, Ethics and Environment. Retrieved from http://iefworld.org/unepgc21.htm
Kirchner, J. W. (2002). The Gaia hypothesis: fact, theory, and wishful thinking. Climatic change, 52(4), 391-408.
McKie, R. (2018). Rachel Carson and the legacy of Silent Spring. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/science/2012/may/27/rachel-carson-silent-spring-anniversary
O’neill, I. (2015). Gaia Hypothesis: Could Earth really be a Single Organism? Retrieved from https://www.universetoday.com/13939/gaia-hypothesis-could-earth-really-be-a-single-organism/
The Reasonable Observer. (n.d). Should Trees Have Standing? Retrieved from https://www.thereasonableobserver.com/should-trees-have-standing
Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. (2015). Environmental Ethics. Retrieved from https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ethics-environmental/
Tired of Guidelines or Lack Time to Work on Your Paper, Get Original Custom Research Paper Writing Service
Thecustomwriting.com research paper writing service has saved thousands of students from stressful college life. Writing a custom research paper may be challenging, considering it has to be plagiarism-free. And it is better not to do your project than to hand in plagiarized work or hurriedly complete it if you do not have time.
Academic integrity is so vital that you may get a suspension or an expulsion because of a copy-pasted work. Writing a custom research paper requires research and writing skills to produce original content. Here are essential things to know about getting the best and legit assignments help websites.
Perfection is vital
Every website will promise you that they produce high-quality work. However, you put your money for your end-of-semester paper only to get a pass. You must learn how to identify the best writing service before committing.
Thecustomwriting.com produces quality content at all times. Rather than a quality promise, quality assurance is what you should consider before hiring a research writer. Best writing services are reliable. You don't want to partner with a cheap research paper writing service that will deliver poorly written essays hours after the due date.
Quality writers are part of the best writing service. A company that has untrained writers will fail you. Before committing, ensure that the people who will write your paper are academicians and professionals. It would help if you had a writer who will be prompt to respond to your questions and follow instructions. Writers who do not fear to ask for clarification where they don't understand are the best for you.
Beware of Scammers Posing to Provide Custom Research Paper Writing Service
It may take time and effort to find a legit custom research paper writing service. Most of the websites claiming to offer writing service trades your paper with another student. For example, if you order your paper today to submit it next week, you may find that another student has already handed over the same document.
Your money is gone, you have no paper to submit, and the deadline is in two hours. You can only sit and cook up some stories for your lecturer. Otherwise, wait for a penalty or suspension.
Others will give you half-baked papers in the name of cheap essays. Apart from reselling your paper, some companies will offer you copy-pasted work. If you don't have tools such as Turnitin or Copyscape to check plagiarism, you may find yourself in the dean's office explaining why you copied your work from the internet word-to-word.
We offer one of the best research paper writing services in the USA and the U.K.
You won’t regret choosing Thecustomwriting.com to handle your research. Your project is an essential part of your academic work. It determines whether you will move on to the next semester or if your name will appear on the graduation list. Do not gamble your education by hiring any cheap essay writing website you find on the internet. Look for a custom research paper writing service reviews before commit.
Avoid scandals by hiring Thecustomwriting.com. Count yourself lucky if you are reading this article. You are in the right direction in finding the writing service for your paper. Though many websites could have frustrated you, Thecustomwriting.com is committed to providing you with reliable service for your paper.
Thecustomwriting.com offers quality services at affordable prices, and they deliver your work on time. They have native English writers that write your paper using the correct language.
Plagiarism Free Custom Research Paper Writing Service
Our writers understand the seriousness of writing plagiarized papers. Every institution has regulations that govern how a research project is conducted. Universities and colleges take plagiarism as gross misconduct. The best writing services are those that will deliver plagiarism-free papers.
Plagiarism involves, among others, copying a published work and delivering it to your lecturer as your own without acknowledging the sources.
Another way your work can be plagiarized is the failure to include the source of your content in a research paper. If you are using someone's thought, you need to include a reference and in-text citations to show that you are using another scholars' worker.
It's a gross mistake to write a five-page paper without a single source unless the paper's nature does not require you to rely on any sources. Here are some tips our writers use to avoid accidental plagiarism:
Cite direct quotes, statistics, and paraphrased content.
Ensure that all in-text citations are included in the biography and vice versa.
Directly quoting not more than 2% of the paper, if quoting is necessary (some papers are exempted from this rule, especially literature).
Stick to high authority, scholarly sources. Our writers will hardly paraphrase content from third party blogs and other questionable sites.
Consider Buying A Custom Research Paper from Thecustomwriting.Com
Consider hiring an expert essay writer if you are not sure about your capabilities. Referencing and citations can be challenging, especially if you try to do it for the first time. It's even harder when your lecturer asks you to use a hard referencing style. For example, Harvard requires you to include page numbers, dates, and the author's name in the text. If you have several papers with a strict deadline, you should consider hiring a custom research paper writing service to help you work on your essays.
However, ensure the website you want to hire offers legit writing service. A good website should at least charge for its services. You will find many websites willing to provide you with free services. No one is that idle to sit and write a paper for free. Sites that provide free or cheap services hooks you when you least expect.
Also, consider the price of writing a paper. Though cheap essays are of low quality, other sites may have inflated prices for their rate, making you needlessly break your bank.
Thecustomwriting.com understands the need for a fair and reasonable price for most students. We know that most students need service, but they do not have enough resources. We, therefore, offer quality service that you can afford.
Benefits of using custom research paper writing service
If this is your first time considering using a custom writing service, the first thing is to know why taking such an action is the best. Choosing Thecustomwriting.com ensures professional writers handle your paper. Letting a qualified person handle your project can boost your grade. You cannot afford to fail in the upcoming end-of-semester project. In any case, your progress to the next level will be determined by how well you perform in your essay.
Thecustomwriting.com ensures the timely delivery of your work. The good thing about legit essay writers is that they can write your essay within the shortest time possible, with one page taking up to one hour at most. It doesn't matter what time you want your work done: Thecustomwriting.com is always ready for a task.
We will give you a paper written explicitly for you. We will ensure that your paper is not delivered to someone else.
Come to think of this; if five of your classmates decide to order an essay for the same class, five writers will be assigned to work on different papers instead of paraphrasing one paper and sending it to five of you.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
It's our responsibility to ensure that someone from your field handles your paper. Our company has enough writers from every discipline. We provide only a research writer qualified in your subject to handle your paper. After placing an order, the first step is to screen the question and requirement and match it with the best writer. The less qualified writer has a college diploma, and they only handle high school papers. All other writers are bachelor, masters, and PhD degree holders.
We commit to quality content. We understand that failure to deliver quality service will result in the loss of clients. Therefore, we only hire qualified writers who have an in-depth understanding of your paper. Whether you want quantitative research done using Chi-square or qualitative research, Thecustomwriting.com’s writers will comfortably handle any discipline or type of paper. Besides, we offer research paper service from college to PhD. Therefore, we cannot afford to have unqualified writers. Our researchers take every instruction keenly when writing your essay.
There is nothing to worry about placing your order. Our platform has a simple, user-friendly interface that enables you to navigate to different functionalities with ease. We offer quality custom research paper writing services; thus, you don't have to worry about getting value for your money. Besides, you can track your order's progress. Our system progressively send you email notifications regarding every stage of your orders' progress; thus, you don't even have to log in to track down your order. You will also see the progress on the dashboard when you log in. Moreover, our support team will contact you when the writer needs any clarification.
Our system is designed in such a way that it allows you to communicate with your writer directly. We understand the need to clarify things yourself to the writer. Furthermore, our support team is available 24 hours to ensure that urgent matters are communicated swiftly with the writer.
The answer is yes. We value your efforts and trust to recommend us to your friends. We will offer you a discount on your next order if a client mentions your email when placing an order.
What guarantees should customers look for?
We have a written list of what we guarantee our clients in our terms. We guarantee the quality, confidentiality, free revision, original content, and timely delivery. We also guarantee money-back if, in the unlikely event, you are not happy with the quality of the paper.
What makes a reliable writing company?
It's easy to know a reputable company. First, they are transparent about their services. They offer multiple methods of communication and have qualified writers. Most importantly, they deliver your work on time, deliver original content, and honour what they have guaranteed.
Why should customers not opt for cheap essay writing services?
Cheap essay services will only waste your time. They have foreign writers who will produce plagiarized content full of grammar errors. You will waste your precious time waiting for a paper that you can't give your lecturer.
Is buying essays online safe?
It's safe to buy your essay if you take the right precaution. Before putting your money on a strange site, explore the website to see whether you will get customer reviews. They will help you make the right decision.
How do I hire someone to write an essay for me?
These are common questions with most clients. It's effortless to get a professional writer. The first step is to identify a custom research paper writing service that is legit and sign up. After that, they will guide you on how to place your order and get a writer. Some companies will allow you to choose a writer for yourself or choose a writer for you.
What types of writing services can I order online?
Our website offers a variety of legit essay services. We provide any academic assistance, including research projects, assignments, and admission letters. Visit our website to see what each service entails.
What benefits and additional features do Thecustomwriting.com services offer?
We offer several free services to our customers. We offer free revision, a discount on your first order, and free pages such as references and cover pages. Also, we have a quality control department that ensures that all papers are of high quality before delivering them to you.
Do websites maintain your privacy? Are orders secured?
Your privacy is our top priority. You will be recognized by your I.D. assigned to you after signup instead of your name. The only person who can access your account is you or anyone else you give your password. Your payment is through a third party. Therefore, your personal information will never reach our site without your consent.
What are the pros of ordering from custom writing services?
You get quality papers. We have writers with decades of experience delivering quality papers worth the client's money and much more. We understand your power to influence our progress. Your paper will be delivered on time and written by professional writers.
Hire a professional writer
Now that you know what to look for when considering the custom research paper writing services, it's time to try us. Sign up and get a discount on your first order. You don't have to worry about quality, timely delivery, and price. We know they are essential to you.
Use promo code ‘2021
’ and claim a 15% discount on your first order.