fbpx

Government Tax Systems

Government Tax Systems

Question 1

The report indicates that most state and local government tax systems are regressive because they place higher tax burdens on low-income earners as opposed to high-income earners. It claims that “the vast majority of state tax systems are regressive . . . Further, those in highest-income quintile pay a small share . . . while the bottom . . . pays more” (ITEP 3). While they enable states to collect huge sums of money from the majority of the people, they leave poor and middle-income earners with little to save for the future. In this case, most of the tax systems in the country focus on sales taxes that are regressive because they levy taxes on flat rate irrespective of whether the commodity is basic, such as bread, or luxury, such as Bentley (Young 18). Furthermore, most of the tax systems in the country target income spent on consumer goods on which the majority of the poor people spend all their incomes. As such, the poor are taxed heavier than the rich who save their money rather than spending it.

Based on the report, income taxes are the most progressive types of taxes because effective tax rates go up as incomes rise. Accordingly, on average, low-income families in the country pay about 0.04 percent of their incomes, high-income families spend about 4.6 percent, while middle-income families pay about 2.1 percent (ITEP 12). In contrast, excise and sales taxes are the most regressive types of taxes because low-income families that spend all of their incomes pay more of these taxes. The report claims that they pay almost eight times of these types of taxes than what wealthy families pay whereas middle-income families pay five times of what wealthy families pay.

Excise and sales taxes are regressive primarily because the majority of poor people spend all their incomes every year. As such, they do not save, thus ending up paying higher taxes than rich people who save a lot of their money. On the other hand, income taxes are progressive because effective tax rates increase with income levels. As a consequence, people who earn higher incomes pay higher taxes than those who earn low incomes, and this helps to offset some effects of the regressive local and state taxes. In comparison to other states, Massachusetts ranks as the 30th state with the most unfair local and state tax system in the country. Income taxes are the most unequal followed by local and state taxes, which are charged on a flat rate rather than on a progressive basis.  

Question 2

Several states in the country have proposed to make their tax systems more progressive by raising income tax rates on high-income earners. Nonetheless, critics argue that this strategy would drive high earners to move to low tax states. Conversely, research indicates that low income earners have the highest migration rate. For example, a report documented by Young suggests that people who make about $10,000 every year migrate at the rate of 4.5 percent in comparison to millionaires who migrate at the rate of 2.4 percent (22). As such, low-income earners, as they seek greener pastures, move about two times as often as millionaires; hence, it is less likely that increasing income tax rates levied on high-income earners would force them to move to low tax states. Although the rate of migration among millionaires who form part of high earners is relatively low in comparison to the rate of low-income earners, research indicates that part of them move from one state to the other on a tax benefits basis. In this regards, Young claims that about 47 percent of millionaires move to low tax states in comparison to 32 percent who move to countries with high tax rates and 21 percent who move to tax neutral states. While these statistics suggest that raising tax rates among high earners might force them to move to low tax states, other factors might influence such decisions, such as marital status and favorable weather conditions.  

Concerning weather conditions, some of the millionaires settle in Florida to access the Caribbean Sea, which is “the Hawaii of the East Coast, with similar amounts of warmth and sunshine” (Young 27). As regards marital status, married millionaires may be unlikely to move from one state to the other because of their children and other important things that matter to them. In contrast, single millionaires might move from one state to the other easily. For instance, Saverin was able to change his nationality and move to Singapore in 2012 because “he was single and had no children” (Young 35). He managed to change his American nationality because he did not have a life partner and children to bother his migration decision.      

On the same note, Tannenwald, Shure, and Johnson claim that tax flight among millionaires is a myth rather than a fact. In any case, a majority of the people relocate from one part of the country to the other primarily to look for new jobs, better climate, and cheaper housing.  Young supports this assertion when he claims that the rate of migration among millionaire is relatively low because they move less than the members of the general public who are poor (21). To demystify this myth, Tannenwald, Shure, and Johnson added that other factors influence decisions about relocating from one state to the other. They particularly claim that in contrast to the claim that lower tax rates among millionaires attract the majority of these people to Florida, lower housing prices contribute significantly to migration into Florida. To support their claim, they argue that before 2000, there was an influx of US migrants into Florida, but in the latter half of the 2000s, the migration trend reversed due to higher housing prices that saw the majority of the people sell their houses. They argue that “interstate tax differentials typically equal just . . . points of income, when all forms of taxation are taken into account”, but “in contrast, moving in search of cheaper housing . . . can have a bigger payoff” (Tannenwald, Shure and Johnson 4). The argument is that tax differences between different states may not be an impetus for millionaires to migrate like cheaper housing might encourage them to move to other states. For this reason, one would not expect millionaires to relocate from one state to the other to benefit from tax cuts as much as other factors, such as cheaper housing, influence such decisions.

Work cited

ITEP. Who pays? A distributional analysis of the tax systems in all 50 states. Web. October 2018. https://itep.org/wp-content/uploads/whopays-ITEP-2018.pdf

Tannenwald, Robert, Shure, Jon, and Johnson Nicholas. Tax flight is a myth: Higher state taxes bring more revenue, not more migration. Center on budget and policy priorities. 2011.

Young, Cristobal. The myth of millionaire tax flight. How place still matters for the rich. Stanford: Stanford university press. 2018.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Tired of Guidelines or Lack Time to Work on Your Paper, Get Original Custom Research Paper Writing Service

Thecustomwriting.com research paper writing service has saved thousands of students from stressful college life. Writing a custom research paper may be challenging, considering it has to be plagiarism-free. And it is better not to do your project than to hand in plagiarized work or hurriedly complete it if you do not have time.

Academic integrity is so vital that you may get a suspension or an expulsion because of a copy-pasted work. Writing a custom research paper requires research and writing skills to produce original content. Here are essential things to know about getting the best and legit assignments help websites.

Perfection is vital

Every website will promise you that they produce high-quality work. However, you put your money for your end-of-semester paper only to get a pass. You must learn how to identify the best writing service before committing.

Thecustomwriting.com produces quality content at all times. Rather than a quality promise, quality assurance is what you should consider before hiring a research writer. Best writing services are reliable. You don't want to partner with a cheap research paper writing service that will deliver poorly written essays hours after the due date.

Quality writers are part of the best writing service. A company that has untrained writers will fail you. Before committing, ensure that the people who will write your paper are academicians and professionals. It would help if you had a writer who will be prompt to respond to your questions and follow instructions. Writers who do not fear to ask for clarification where they don't understand are the best for you.

Beware of Scammers Posing to Provide Custom Research Paper Writing Service

It may take time and effort to find a legit custom research paper writing service. Most of the websites claiming to offer writing service trades your paper with another student. For example, if you order your paper today to submit it next week, you may find that another student has already handed over the same document.

Your money is gone, you have no paper to submit, and the deadline is in two hours. You can only sit and cook up some stories for your lecturer. Otherwise, wait for a penalty or suspension.

Others will give you half-baked papers in the name of cheap essays. Apart from reselling your paper, some companies will offer you copy-pasted work. If you don't have tools such as Turnitin or Copyscape to check plagiarism, you may find yourself in the dean's office explaining why you copied your work from the internet word-to-word.

We offer one of the best research paper writing services in the USA and the U.K.

You won’t regret choosing Thecustomwriting.com to handle your research. Your project is an essential part of your academic work. It determines whether you will move on to the next semester or if your name will appear on the graduation list. Do not gamble your education by hiring any cheap essay writing website you find on the internet. Look for a custom research paper writing service reviews before commit.

Avoid scandals by hiring Thecustomwriting.com. Count yourself lucky if you are reading this article. You are in the right direction in finding the writing service for your paper. Though many websites could have frustrated you, Thecustomwriting.com is committed to providing you with reliable service for your paper.

Thecustomwriting.com offers quality services at affordable prices, and they deliver your work on time. They have native English writers that write your paper using the correct language.

Plagiarism Free Custom Research Paper Writing Service

Our writers understand the seriousness of writing plagiarized papers. Every institution has regulations that govern how a research project is conducted. Universities and colleges take plagiarism as gross misconduct. The best writing services are those that will deliver plagiarism-free papers.

Plagiarism involves, among others, copying a published work and delivering it to your lecturer as your own without acknowledging the sources.

Another way your work can be plagiarized is the failure to include the source of your content in a research paper. If you are using someone's thought, you need to include a reference and in-text citations to show that you are using another scholars' worker.

It's a gross mistake to write a five-page paper without a single source unless the paper's nature does not require you to rely on any sources. Here are some tips our writers use to avoid accidental plagiarism:

  • Cite direct quotes, statistics, and paraphrased content.
  • Ensure that all in-text citations are included in the biography and vice versa.
  • Directly quoting not more than 2% of the paper, if quoting is necessary (some papers are exempted from this rule, especially literature).
  • Stick to high authority, scholarly sources. Our writers will hardly paraphrase content from third party blogs and other questionable sites.
  • Consider Buying A Custom Research Paper from Thecustomwriting.Com

    Consider hiring an expert essay writer if you are not sure about your capabilities. Referencing and citations can be challenging, especially if you try to do it for the first time. It's even harder when your lecturer asks you to use a hard referencing style. For example, Harvard requires you to include page numbers, dates, and the author's name in the text. If you have several papers with a strict deadline, you should consider hiring a custom research paper writing service to help you work on your essays.

    However, ensure the website you want to hire offers legit writing service. A good website should at least charge for its services. You will find many websites willing to provide you with free services. No one is that idle to sit and write a paper for free. Sites that provide free or cheap services hooks you when you least expect.

    Also, consider the price of writing a paper. Though cheap essays are of low quality, other sites may have inflated prices for their rate, making you needlessly break your bank.

    Thecustomwriting.com understands the need for a fair and reasonable price for most students. We know that most students need service, but they do not have enough resources. We, therefore, offer quality service that you can afford.

    Benefits of using custom research paper writing service

    If this is your first time considering using a custom writing service, the first thing is to know why taking such an action is the best. Choosing Thecustomwriting.com ensures professional writers handle your paper. Letting a qualified person handle your project can boost your grade. You cannot afford to fail in the upcoming end-of-semester project. In any case, your progress to the next level will be determined by how well you perform in your essay.

    Thecustomwriting.com ensures the timely delivery of your work. The good thing about legit essay writers is that they can write your essay within the shortest time possible, with one page taking up to one hour at most. It doesn't matter what time you want your work done: Thecustomwriting.com is always ready for a task.

    We will give you a paper written explicitly for you. We will ensure that your paper is not delivered to someone else.

    Come to think of this; if five of your classmates decide to order an essay for the same class, five writers will be assigned to work on different papers instead of paraphrasing one paper and sending it to five of you.

    Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

    Do subject specialist writers handle my research paper?

    It's our responsibility to ensure that someone from your field handles your paper. Our company has enough writers from every discipline. We provide only a research writer qualified in your subject to handle your paper. After placing an order, the first step is to screen the question and requirement and match it with the best writer. The less qualified writer has a college diploma, and they only handle high school papers. All other writers are bachelor, masters, and PhD degree holders.

    Are your researchers qualified enough to know the core of the research?

    We commit to quality content. We understand that failure to deliver quality service will result in the loss of clients. Therefore, we only hire qualified writers who have an in-depth understanding of your paper. Whether you want quantitative research done using Chi-square or qualitative research, Thecustomwriting.com’s writers will comfortably handle any discipline or type of paper. Besides, we offer research paper service from college to PhD. Therefore, we cannot afford to have unqualified writers. Our researchers take every instruction keenly when writing your essay.

    Should I worry about order placement?

    There is nothing to worry about placing your order. Our platform has a simple, user-friendly interface that enables you to navigate to different functionalities with ease. We offer quality custom research paper writing services; thus, you don't have to worry about getting value for your money. Besides, you can track your order's progress. Our system progressively send you email notifications regarding every stage of your orders' progress; thus, you don't even have to log in to track down your order. You will also see the progress on the dashboard when you log in. Moreover, our support team will contact you when the writer needs any clarification.

    Can I have direct communication with the writer after the order placement?

    Our system is designed in such a way that it allows you to communicate with your writer directly. We understand the need to clarify things yourself to the writer. Furthermore, our support team is available 24 hours to ensure that urgent matters are communicated swiftly with the writer.

    Will I get any discount on recommendation?

    The answer is yes. We value your efforts and trust to recommend us to your friends. We will offer you a discount on your next order if a client mentions your email when placing an order.

    What guarantees should customers look for?

    We have a written list of what we guarantee our clients in our terms. We guarantee the quality, confidentiality, free revision, original content, and timely delivery. We also guarantee money-back if, in the unlikely event, you are not happy with the quality of the paper.

    What makes a reliable writing company?

    It's easy to know a reputable company. First, they are transparent about their services. They offer multiple methods of communication and have qualified writers. Most importantly, they deliver your work on time, deliver original content, and honour what they have guaranteed.

    Why should customers not opt for cheap essay writing services?

    Cheap essay services will only waste your time. They have foreign writers who will produce plagiarized content full of grammar errors. You will waste your precious time waiting for a paper that you can't give your lecturer.

    Is buying essays online safe?

    It's safe to buy your essay if you take the right precaution. Before putting your money on a strange site, explore the website to see whether you will get customer reviews. They will help you make the right decision.

    How do I hire someone to write an essay for me?

    These are common questions with most clients. It's effortless to get a professional writer. The first step is to identify a custom research paper writing service that is legit and sign up. After that, they will guide you on how to place your order and get a writer. Some companies will allow you to choose a writer for yourself or choose a writer for you.

    What types of writing services can I order online?

    Our website offers a variety of legit essay services. We provide any academic assistance, including research projects, assignments, and admission letters. Visit our website to see what each service entails.

    What benefits and additional features do Thecustomwriting.com services offer?

    We offer several free services to our customers. We offer free revision, a discount on your first order, and free pages such as references and cover pages. Also, we have a quality control department that ensures that all papers are of high quality before delivering them to you.

    Do websites maintain your privacy? Are orders secured?

    Your privacy is our top priority. You will be recognized by your I.D. assigned to you after signup instead of your name. The only person who can access your account is you or anyone else you give your password. Your payment is through a third party. Therefore, your personal information will never reach our site without your consent.

    What are the pros of ordering from custom writing services?

    You get quality papers. We have writers with decades of experience delivering quality papers worth the client's money and much more. We understand your power to influence our progress. Your paper will be delivered on time and written by professional writers.

    Hire a professional writer

    Now that you know what to look for when considering the custom research paper writing services, it's time to try us. Sign up and get a discount on your first order. You don't have to worry about quality, timely delivery, and price. We know they are essential to you. Use promo code ‘2021’ and claim a 15% discount on your first order.

    Place your order
    (550 words)

    Approximate price: $22

    Calculate the price of your order

    550 words
    We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
    Total price:
    $26
    The price is based on these factors:
    Academic level
    Number of pages
    Urgency
    Basic features
    • Free title page and bibliography
    • Unlimited revisions
    • Plagiarism-free guarantee
    • Money-back guarantee
    • 24/7 support
    On-demand options
    • Writer’s samples
    • Part-by-part delivery
    • Overnight delivery
    • Copies of used sources
    • Expert Proofreading
    Paper format
    • 275 words per page
    • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
    • Double line spacing
    • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

    Our guarantees

    Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
    That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

    Money-back guarantee

    You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

    Read more

    Zero-plagiarism guarantee

    Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

    Read more

    Free-revision policy

    Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

    Read more

    Privacy policy

    Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

    Read more

    Fair-cooperation guarantee

    By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

    Read more