fbpx

Intercultural Interview

Intercultural Interview

Intercultural Interview

Trenholm (2014) makes a broader definition of culture considering the wide use of the word. According to Trenholm (2014, p. 321), culture makes up of all-round life of an individual and activities learned and shared among members of the same cultural group. The author’s definition exemplifies the unlimited contextual scope of culture. The ambiguity in the description is furthered by Klopf who defines culture as “the environment made by humans” (Trenholm, 2014, p. 321). The definitions exhibit the need to understand culture in a local context by comparing different cultural group practices to derive an in-depth understanding. As such, this study undertakes an interview analysis of two individuals of different cultural groups and examines their cultural ideologies using the five basic dimensions of culture; individualism/collectivism, power distance, gender expectation, time orientation, and high-low context. I am a non-Hispanic (Irish American), and my interviewees are Mr. Freeman, an African-American, and Mr. Chan, an Asian-American. Mr. Freeman and Mr. Chan live in Los Angeles and are aged 50 and 45 years, respectively. The interviewees are highly knowledgeable about their cultures due to their experience and high level of education. Therefore, the interviewees will ensure an in-depth understanding of their cultural representation and comparison to the existing intercultural communication. Thus, the two men believe to be the best fit for the study due to their high regard and attachment to their cultures.

Individualism/Collectivism

Individualism represents a group of people who prefer to uphold the self over the population’s interests while collectivists favor the community’s needs. Engleberg and Wynn (2015, p. 47) reiterate that the individualism or collectivism cultural dimensions allude to the degree of closeness of people to other individuals in the community. America has a predominant individualism culture; however, some citizens prescribe to the collectivism cultural dimension. Mr. Freeman and Mr. Chan exhibit different cultures with the African-American displaying individualism while the Asian-American is well-acquitted with his collectivist society. When asked about his family, Mr. Freeman mentioned his daughter and late wife. The need for further clarification led to him introducing his brother and sisters as “the other family.” After the death of his wife, Mr. Freeman now considers his daughter as his only family. The respondent’s response shows his view of a nuclear household as separate from the extended family. The interviewee’s response takes after the individualism culture that limits one to themselves hence not socially responsible for others outside their nuclear family. On the other hand, Mr. Chan introduced to me more than ten people as his family, including his wife, children, father, mother, brothers, sisters, uncles, and other members of the extended household. Unlike the first interviewee, Mr. Chan included his father and siblings not because they are alive, but since he believed they are part of his family and each owes the other some level of care and gratitude. The choice of family span indicates that Mr. Chan’s culture is collectivism. The Asian- American community adopts a collectivism approach as opposed to Mr. Freeman’s individualistic society. Mr. Chan commonly uses the term “we” whenever answering questions about his family as opposed to Mr. Freeman who prefers “I.” The Asian community emphasizes on the values and practices that unite them and prioritize society as opposed to an individual. Chan stated that the individualism philosophy is a “selfish ideology that undermines the achievement of common goals for the nation.” As such, I found Mr. Chan’s view of individualism interesting because he believes in the philosophy. However, I believe that collectivism is expensive and cumbersome because an individual’s decisions are based on other people’s interests as opposed to self-interest.

Power Distance

The interviewees share a significantly similar power distance due to the American constitutional culture that sets a precedence of equity and power accountability. Engleberg and Wynn (2015, p. 48) define power distance as the “physical and psychological distance between people in power and those out with reference to relationships, institutions, and organizations.” The high-power societies depict a large variation between people with and without authority while in the low-power cadre, there is a low disparity between these individuals. The power distance culture has reduced the gap between people in positions of power and members of the society considerably, especially on legal precedence that ensures everyone enjoys similar benefits under the U.S. citizenship. However, Mr. Chan agrees to a large power gap in Asian countries. He states that “in China, you either have it or you don’t, and no one cares about that.” However, in comparison to the U.S., Mr. Chan argues that the legal low-power system enhances intercultural communication. Mr. Chan explains that the power system in Asia is down to earth due to the collectivist culture. In contrast, Mr. Freeman cites low power differences in his African-American culture. He states that African-Americans exhibit an interpersonal power difference, which he blames for the death of his wife. Mr. Freeman indicates that he lost his wife because a senior superintendent at the hospital where the wife was admitted refused to release her file for transfer because her shift had lapsed. Today, Mr. Freeman believes there is a larger power distance between different American cultural groups, especially between non-Hispanics and minorities. Relatively, I admit that such claims against Irish-Americans are very common, thus I agree with Mr. Freeman’s assertions.

Gender Expectations

Gender expectations are the cultural assumptions that guide the behaviors of women and men in society. Cultural dimension sets the division of labor based on gender factors, which allocate men tough and material-oriented roles while women are assigned nurturing tasks (Engleberg & Wynn, 2015, p. 49). The interviewees’ cultural practices showed similarity in gender expectations. Their cultural groups perceived a conservative gender role with regards to the tasks that women and men can perform. Mr. Chan’s Asian-American culture depicts a strict line of duty between men and women. Ideologically, he argues that his mother’s role was to take care of the family thus leading to his wife resigning from a ten-year teaching career to manage her household. When asked about his influence on his wife’s choice, he pointed out that “No, I never asked her to, our culture did. My wife saw the commitment I had at work being employed in a family business thereby decided to take care of the children, particularly our sick last born.” Mr. Chan’s explanation shows that gender roles in his cultural group stem from self-conviction, whereby women prefer to take care of the family while the men work. Mr. Freeman holds similar views on gender expectations, but his situation was different from his anticipations. Mr. Freeman was brought up by his mother after his father died from an asthmatic attack. As such, his mother took up the role of a father to enable her to provide for her family. Similarly, Mr. Freeman’s wife opted to take care of the family but died leaving him to become a father and mother to his daughter. As a result, Mr. Freeman changed his beliefs due to his experiences and now advocates for his cultural dimension to allow men and women to perform all tasks.

Time Orientation

The interviewees were well informed about time orientation cultural dimension based on their responsibilities and phase of life. The interviewees agreed that time eased their intercultural communication and helped them to overcome barriers such as ethnocentrism and apprehension (O’Hair & Wiemann, 2012, p. 4). Coupled with technological advancements, the interviewees felt the need to cope with time at the pace of socio-economic development. Mr. Freeman remarked that “Today if you don’t keep time, you may find yourself in a world away from others.” Similarly, Mr. Chan believes that his life is marked with time as he learned time management form his father and opted to teach his children the practice.

High-Low Context

The interviewees narrated different opinions with regards to their high-low context in culture. Mr. Chan accounts for the low times he experienced at the non-Hispanic dominated factory. Although not expressed in words, Mr. Chan notes that his colleagues’ actions led him to resign and join the family business, where he at his highest context considering the collectivism culture of Asian-Americans. On the other hand, Mr. Freeman reiterates his worst experience at the hospital during his wife’s illness, medical negligence due to his culture. However, the interviewees find comfort and moments of high context in their cultures that oversee a non-competitive urge as outside philosophies (Jirwe, Gerrish, & Emami, 2010, p. 437). Thus, they are held by the American low-context culture whereby every individual is expected to find his place. 

Conclusion

The interview proved beneficial to the study as it offered the best opportunity to understand the cultural dimensions learned in class in a real-world situation. Interviewing individuals from two diverse cultural backgrounds helped me to highlight the similarities and differences that amount to cultural diversity. In addition, the interview helped me to understand intercultural communication in Los Angeles, especially being an Irish-American, since the area hosts people with different cultures. Moreover, the interviewees and I are great friends and have known each other for many years; thus the study was a platform to explore intercultural exploits in the larger American society and connect with friends. Therefore, the interview is instrumental to the study course a, consequently, my future career development.

References

Engleberg, I., & Wynn, D. (2015). Think communication (2nd ed.). Boston: Pearson.

Jirwe, M., Gerrish, K., & Emami, A. (2010). Student nurses’ experiences of communication in cross‐cultural care encounters. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 24(3), 436-444.

O’Hair, D., & Wiemann (2012). Real communication/Dan O’Hair, Mary Wiemann, Dorothy Imrich Mullin, Jason J. Teven–Boston, New York: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 642.

Trenholm, S. (2014). Interpersonal communication (pp. 10-12). New York: Oxford University Press.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Tired of Guidelines or Lack Time to Work on Your Paper, Get Original Custom Research Paper Writing Service

Thecustomwriting.com research paper writing service has saved thousands of students from stressful college life. Writing a custom research paper may be challenging, considering it has to be plagiarism-free. And it is better not to do your project than to hand in plagiarized work or hurriedly complete it if you do not have time.

Academic integrity is so vital that you may get a suspension or an expulsion because of a copy-pasted work. Writing a custom research paper requires research and writing skills to produce original content. Here are essential things to know about getting the best and legit assignments help websites.

Perfection is vital

Every website will promise you that they produce high-quality work. However, you put your money for your end-of-semester paper only to get a pass. You must learn how to identify the best writing service before committing.

Thecustomwriting.com produces quality content at all times. Rather than a quality promise, quality assurance is what you should consider before hiring a research writer. Best writing services are reliable. You don't want to partner with a cheap research paper writing service that will deliver poorly written essays hours after the due date.

Quality writers are part of the best writing service. A company that has untrained writers will fail you. Before committing, ensure that the people who will write your paper are academicians and professionals. It would help if you had a writer who will be prompt to respond to your questions and follow instructions. Writers who do not fear to ask for clarification where they don't understand are the best for you.

Beware of Scammers Posing to Provide Custom Research Paper Writing Service

It may take time and effort to find a legit custom research paper writing service. Most of the websites claiming to offer writing service trades your paper with another student. For example, if you order your paper today to submit it next week, you may find that another student has already handed over the same document.

Your money is gone, you have no paper to submit, and the deadline is in two hours. You can only sit and cook up some stories for your lecturer. Otherwise, wait for a penalty or suspension.

Others will give you half-baked papers in the name of cheap essays. Apart from reselling your paper, some companies will offer you copy-pasted work. If you don't have tools such as Turnitin or Copyscape to check plagiarism, you may find yourself in the dean's office explaining why you copied your work from the internet word-to-word.

We offer one of the best research paper writing services in the USA and the U.K.

You won’t regret choosing Thecustomwriting.com to handle your research. Your project is an essential part of your academic work. It determines whether you will move on to the next semester or if your name will appear on the graduation list. Do not gamble your education by hiring any cheap essay writing website you find on the internet. Look for a custom research paper writing service reviews before commit.

Avoid scandals by hiring Thecustomwriting.com. Count yourself lucky if you are reading this article. You are in the right direction in finding the writing service for your paper. Though many websites could have frustrated you, Thecustomwriting.com is committed to providing you with reliable service for your paper.

Thecustomwriting.com offers quality services at affordable prices, and they deliver your work on time. They have native English writers that write your paper using the correct language.

Plagiarism Free Custom Research Paper Writing Service

Our writers understand the seriousness of writing plagiarized papers. Every institution has regulations that govern how a research project is conducted. Universities and colleges take plagiarism as gross misconduct. The best writing services are those that will deliver plagiarism-free papers.

Plagiarism involves, among others, copying a published work and delivering it to your lecturer as your own without acknowledging the sources.

Another way your work can be plagiarized is the failure to include the source of your content in a research paper. If you are using someone's thought, you need to include a reference and in-text citations to show that you are using another scholars' worker.

It's a gross mistake to write a five-page paper without a single source unless the paper's nature does not require you to rely on any sources. Here are some tips our writers use to avoid accidental plagiarism:

  • Cite direct quotes, statistics, and paraphrased content.
  • Ensure that all in-text citations are included in the biography and vice versa.
  • Directly quoting not more than 2% of the paper, if quoting is necessary (some papers are exempted from this rule, especially literature).
  • Stick to high authority, scholarly sources. Our writers will hardly paraphrase content from third party blogs and other questionable sites.
  • Consider Buying A Custom Research Paper from Thecustomwriting.Com

    Consider hiring an expert essay writer if you are not sure about your capabilities. Referencing and citations can be challenging, especially if you try to do it for the first time. It's even harder when your lecturer asks you to use a hard referencing style. For example, Harvard requires you to include page numbers, dates, and the author's name in the text. If you have several papers with a strict deadline, you should consider hiring a custom research paper writing service to help you work on your essays.

    However, ensure the website you want to hire offers legit writing service. A good website should at least charge for its services. You will find many websites willing to provide you with free services. No one is that idle to sit and write a paper for free. Sites that provide free or cheap services hooks you when you least expect.

    Also, consider the price of writing a paper. Though cheap essays are of low quality, other sites may have inflated prices for their rate, making you needlessly break your bank.

    Thecustomwriting.com understands the need for a fair and reasonable price for most students. We know that most students need service, but they do not have enough resources. We, therefore, offer quality service that you can afford.

    Benefits of using custom research paper writing service

    If this is your first time considering using a custom writing service, the first thing is to know why taking such an action is the best. Choosing Thecustomwriting.com ensures professional writers handle your paper. Letting a qualified person handle your project can boost your grade. You cannot afford to fail in the upcoming end-of-semester project. In any case, your progress to the next level will be determined by how well you perform in your essay.

    Thecustomwriting.com ensures the timely delivery of your work. The good thing about legit essay writers is that they can write your essay within the shortest time possible, with one page taking up to one hour at most. It doesn't matter what time you want your work done: Thecustomwriting.com is always ready for a task.

    We will give you a paper written explicitly for you. We will ensure that your paper is not delivered to someone else.

    Come to think of this; if five of your classmates decide to order an essay for the same class, five writers will be assigned to work on different papers instead of paraphrasing one paper and sending it to five of you.

    Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

    Do subject specialist writers handle my research paper?

    It's our responsibility to ensure that someone from your field handles your paper. Our company has enough writers from every discipline. We provide only a research writer qualified in your subject to handle your paper. After placing an order, the first step is to screen the question and requirement and match it with the best writer. The less qualified writer has a college diploma, and they only handle high school papers. All other writers are bachelor, masters, and PhD degree holders.

    Are your researchers qualified enough to know the core of the research?

    We commit to quality content. We understand that failure to deliver quality service will result in the loss of clients. Therefore, we only hire qualified writers who have an in-depth understanding of your paper. Whether you want quantitative research done using Chi-square or qualitative research, Thecustomwriting.com’s writers will comfortably handle any discipline or type of paper. Besides, we offer research paper service from college to PhD. Therefore, we cannot afford to have unqualified writers. Our researchers take every instruction keenly when writing your essay.

    Should I worry about order placement?

    There is nothing to worry about placing your order. Our platform has a simple, user-friendly interface that enables you to navigate to different functionalities with ease. We offer quality custom research paper writing services; thus, you don't have to worry about getting value for your money. Besides, you can track your order's progress. Our system progressively send you email notifications regarding every stage of your orders' progress; thus, you don't even have to log in to track down your order. You will also see the progress on the dashboard when you log in. Moreover, our support team will contact you when the writer needs any clarification.

    Can I have direct communication with the writer after the order placement?

    Our system is designed in such a way that it allows you to communicate with your writer directly. We understand the need to clarify things yourself to the writer. Furthermore, our support team is available 24 hours to ensure that urgent matters are communicated swiftly with the writer.

    Will I get any discount on recommendation?

    The answer is yes. We value your efforts and trust to recommend us to your friends. We will offer you a discount on your next order if a client mentions your email when placing an order.

    What guarantees should customers look for?

    We have a written list of what we guarantee our clients in our terms. We guarantee the quality, confidentiality, free revision, original content, and timely delivery. We also guarantee money-back if, in the unlikely event, you are not happy with the quality of the paper.

    What makes a reliable writing company?

    It's easy to know a reputable company. First, they are transparent about their services. They offer multiple methods of communication and have qualified writers. Most importantly, they deliver your work on time, deliver original content, and honour what they have guaranteed.

    Why should customers not opt for cheap essay writing services?

    Cheap essay services will only waste your time. They have foreign writers who will produce plagiarized content full of grammar errors. You will waste your precious time waiting for a paper that you can't give your lecturer.

    Is buying essays online safe?

    It's safe to buy your essay if you take the right precaution. Before putting your money on a strange site, explore the website to see whether you will get customer reviews. They will help you make the right decision.

    How do I hire someone to write an essay for me?

    These are common questions with most clients. It's effortless to get a professional writer. The first step is to identify a custom research paper writing service that is legit and sign up. After that, they will guide you on how to place your order and get a writer. Some companies will allow you to choose a writer for yourself or choose a writer for you.

    What types of writing services can I order online?

    Our website offers a variety of legit essay services. We provide any academic assistance, including research projects, assignments, and admission letters. Visit our website to see what each service entails.

    What benefits and additional features do Thecustomwriting.com services offer?

    We offer several free services to our customers. We offer free revision, a discount on your first order, and free pages such as references and cover pages. Also, we have a quality control department that ensures that all papers are of high quality before delivering them to you.

    Do websites maintain your privacy? Are orders secured?

    Your privacy is our top priority. You will be recognized by your I.D. assigned to you after signup instead of your name. The only person who can access your account is you or anyone else you give your password. Your payment is through a third party. Therefore, your personal information will never reach our site without your consent.

    What are the pros of ordering from custom writing services?

    You get quality papers. We have writers with decades of experience delivering quality papers worth the client's money and much more. We understand your power to influence our progress. Your paper will be delivered on time and written by professional writers.

    Hire a professional writer

    Now that you know what to look for when considering the custom research paper writing services, it's time to try us. Sign up and get a discount on your first order. You don't have to worry about quality, timely delivery, and price. We know they are essential to you. Use promo code ‘2021’ and claim a 15% discount on your first order.

    Place your order
    (550 words)

    Approximate price: $22

    Calculate the price of your order

    550 words
    We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
    Total price:
    $26
    The price is based on these factors:
    Academic level
    Number of pages
    Urgency
    Basic features
    • Free title page and bibliography
    • Unlimited revisions
    • Plagiarism-free guarantee
    • Money-back guarantee
    • 24/7 support
    On-demand options
    • Writer’s samples
    • Part-by-part delivery
    • Overnight delivery
    • Copies of used sources
    • Expert Proofreading
    Paper format
    • 275 words per page
    • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
    • Double line spacing
    • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

    Our guarantees

    Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
    That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

    Money-back guarantee

    You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

    Read more

    Zero-plagiarism guarantee

    Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

    Read more

    Free-revision policy

    Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

    Read more

    Privacy policy

    Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

    Read more

    Fair-cooperation guarantee

    By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

    Read more