Micro 1 Essay 2020 A national government’s Economics Advisory team contracts you, an Economics expert, to write the following report:

Micro 1 Essay 2020
A national government’s Economics Advisory team contracts you, an Economics expert, to
write the following report:
Evaluate the proposal that this country should implement a tax designed to ensure that the
country’s commercial airline industry takes account of the social, rather than just the
private, costs of commercial aviation.
Identify in the Introduction the country about which your report is written.
Your answer should include
(i) an explanation of how your proposed tax would operate (40%)
(ii) an evaluation of the proposed tax (60%)
The fact that you are explaining the tax in (i) does not mean you have to give a positive
evaluation in (ii).
In (i) you are explaining how one could do what the government is asking (i.e. implement a
In (ii) you are giving your assessment of such a tax
You should submit your essay via Turnitin on Blackboard (Assessment folder) by 14:00 (2pm)
UK time on 20 Jan 2021
Late submission incurs mark penalties
The essay should be anonymous – your names should not appear anywhere, only your
registration ID number
Any introductory Econ textbook (CORE, Acemoglu et al, Goolsbee et al, Sloman et al, Begg et
al, and many others) will cover the basic economics of externalities and taxation.
You can use relevant research reports and peer reviewed papers on more specific aspects of
the essay.
1 Unless you have an extension authorised by DASS, in which case that later deadline will apply
Marking Criteria
You are strongly advised to consult the Economics UG marking criteria (See Essay folder on
My Learning Essentials
You are strongly advised to consult the advice and resources (direct and virtual) regarding
academic writing and referencing available at MLE: http://tinyurl.com/MLEessay2
Length: 1200 words excluding references (this is a precise limit, no + X%)
A word count should be included before the Reference Section.
Further guidance is appended.
What if I have more queries?
• Essay Discussion Board on Bb
• FAQ in the Essay area on Bb
You are welcome to post new queries on the Essay Discussion Board on Bb
Econ Writing Resources
We have gathered a collection of resources on writing in general and writing in Econ
This page is linked from the Study Skills area on Micro 1’s Bb space.
2 Full URL: https://www.library.manchester.ac.uk/using-the-library/students/training-and-skillssupport/my-learning-essentials
Referencing and Plagiarism
A full list of the references should be appended as a reference section.
Consult My Learning Essentials for guidance
Plagiarism is presenting the ideas, work or words of other people without proper, clear and
unambiguous acknowledgement. It also includes self-plagiarism and the submission of
material from essay banks.
Make clear in your essay the distinction between:
• ideas and work of other people
• ideas or material that you have personally contributed.
To assist you, here are a few important dos and don’ts:
• Do not construct a piece of work by cutting and pasting or copying material written by
other people
• Quotations must be enclosed in quotation marks to show that it is a direct quote, and it
must have the source properly acknowledged at that point. Include page numbers
• Any URLs (website addresses) consulted must be included in the references and must
be accurate and exact. If you have used information from many sites, list them all.
• References to journal articles must list year of publication, volume/issue number and
page numbers.
• References to books must list all authors, year of publication and the exact title.
• If the book is an edited work with different authors contributing individual chapters,
you must list the edited work and the specific chapter(s) used.
• Quotes should be accompanied by page numbers.
Essays will also be electronically submitted and scanned via TurnItIn
More details at:
3 https://www.library.manchester.ac.uk/using-the-library/students/training-and-skills-support/mylearning-essentials/online-resources/?level2Links=referencing
Referencing Style
A full list of the references should be appended as a reference section.
Use the Harvard Referencing style. This comprises:

  1. In-text citation. Used when directly quoting or paraphrasing a source. They are in the
    body of the work and contain a fragment of the full citation. For example:
    “After that I lived like a young rajah in all the capitals of Europe…” (Fitzgerald, 2004).
  2. Reference List. At the end of the work which displays full citations for all sources used.
    For example:
    Fitzgerald, F. (2004). The great Gatsby. New York: Scribner.
    Proofread your work
    Proofreading is an essential part of the writing process.
    It is the final step you need to take to ensure that you are communicating your ideas clearly
    and to ensure that you are fulfilling the goals of your writing.
    It is more than merely a spell check. It should involve double-checking your work against any
    criteria you have, making sure your references are accurate, your analysis sound, and
    clarifying any remaining questions or limitations of your work.
    See the online guide at:
    4 https://www.escholar.manchester.ac.uk/learning-objects/mle/proofreading/story_html5.html
    Word Count
    State the Word count at the end of the essay, before the start of the Reference section
    The word count covers everything after the title and up to the Reference section at the end
    (not including the Reference section)
    If you want to know how text in Figures etc. are used, then run a Word Count in Word or
    whatever software you are using
    Essay Structure
    Put the full title at the top of your essay
    The Structure is:
    • Title
    • Essay content
    • Word Count
    • Reference Section
    For example:
    Essay Formatting
    You must format your document so that it is:
    • Double line spaced
    • Font = Arial
    • Font Size = 12pt
    • 2.5cm margins – left and right, top and bottom
    Marks will be deducted for deviations from this formatting.
    Do not put your name anywhere on the essay, just your student ID.
    Essay Submission
    When submitting you will be asked to enter a Submission Title – this must be your
    Registration ID number and the text “Micro1 Essay”
    For example:
    Digital Receipt of Submission
    You will receive a digital receipt of submission by email
    Check for this.
    If it does not arrive check whether you have submitted your work – do this before the
    submission deadline.
    Do not leave submission until very close to the deadline –
    this risks a late submission and late penalties
    Referencing CORE
    You could use
    “The CORE project” as the author or list the authors listed at:
    The main thing is that a reader can identify and find the source
    Use first or third person, it is up to you
    Target Reader and Referencing
    Assume the reader is someone with a knowledge of Economics – not someone who needs to
    have Supply, Demand, External Effects, Surplus etc. explained to them
    Is there a minimum Word length?
    No, you can be as brief as you wish.
    Diagrams and Tables
    They are perfectly acceptable – you must judge what to include.
    Provide a source for all Tables and Figures – give each a title and a number:
    Figure 1: When is a pie chart the wrong
    chart to use?
    source: xxxxxxxxxxxxx
    Table 1. Greatest Cities in the UK
    City Ranking
    Manchester 1
    source: xxxxxxxxxxxxx
    Can I use Section Headings?
    When writing you need to link the components. In a long piece subheadings are more likely to
    be needed.
    But in an essay of this length it is quite possible to create a high-quality coherent piece
    without them – just by linking the paragraphs/arguments with sentences.
    I would not use them.
    Do I need to use a counter argument at the end of each paragraph?
    No, such a formulaic approach is not required nor recommended.

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