Plato’s Allegory of the Cave


What is truth? When should something be said to be the truth about a given area of knowledge? Who determines this truth in cases where there are several versions of perceived truths? Philosophers have considered these questions for a long time, but it is apparent that they are yet to reach an agreement on many of them. It is clear from the writings of famous philosophers that perception is shaped by what one has been exposed to and that it is possible to control the perception of people and their idea of truth by denying them exposure to ‘normal’ circumstance. While they are works of fiction, Plato’s Allegory of the Cave” and the movie “The Matrix” offer important considerations that help to understand the concept of truth and perception.

A.  The main point of Plato’s allegory of the cave is that human beings do not fully understand the reality of the world and that what one perceives as reality is the one that he has been socialized to believe as real. To illustrate his argument, Plato narrates the imaginary situation in which prisoners are chained to the ground in a dark cave and can only see shadows on the wall. Since the shadows on the wall are the only things they have ever seen, they come to perceive those shadows as the reality. For example, if they see the shadow of a man, they believe that the shadow is the reality because there is no way of knowing that it is just a shadow. The scenario presented in the allegory is similar to that presented in the 1999 movie “The Matrix” by the Wachowskis. The movie is based on an imaginary world in future, just like that of the cave. Similarly, the reality depicted in the movie is an artificial one, a simulated state of affairs referred to as ‘the matrix.’  In the two scenarios, the characters believe in a wrong reality but have no way of knowing that there is any other reality. Just like in the allegory, the characters in the movie only discover that their perception of reality is wrong when they discover the truth. A computer programmer named Thomas Anderson investigates the artificial reality and discovers that they are captives of a simulated reality. This is when he ‘freedom’ of the people begins.

B.  Similarly, Descartes presents the world in which an evil demon has so much power that it can control some events in the world. This demon presents a completely illusory worldview to Descartes, whose mind has only been exposed to the real word and its reality. Among the things the demon can accomplish is the power to alter mathematics and common sense, which is a real test on Descartes’ perception of the differences between fact and opinion. This is similar to what happens in the film “The Matrix’ when humans are enslaved and their minds controlled so that they do not know that there is another world or reality beyond what they are living. They only discover this when Trinity and Morpheus exit the Matrix and discover that they have been captive of an artificial reality.

C. Some of the theories explain the relationship between reality, truth, and perception. According to the traditional knowledge analysis systems, something that many people believe to be true is assumed knowledge even if there is no evidence to support such a claim.  Socrates points out that this is not correct because there is a need to have a justification for this common belief. He gives the example of a clever lawyer who uses a sophisticated argument to convince a jury and the public that something is true even when it is not and argues that this cannot constitute the truth. Furthermore, the theory adds that what is false is not known, and justification is an important component of truth.

The defeasibility theory refers to the ability of human beings to believe something at one time and change this belief once they acquire more knowledge to dispute the original belief (Plantinga & Kvanvig, 1996). An example of this is a contract, which is originally believed to be a binding state of truth but becomes void once it is discovered that fraud was involved in its preparation. While some philosophers argue that conditions that cause defeasibility, known as defeaters, are always external, others have argued that they are always part of the known truth even if they may not have been discovered, thus, they are internal. Therefore, most of the truths taken for granted at a certain point are subject to change once the defeaters are known.

The causal theory posits that the perception that people get off certain concepts are caused by those items (Johns, 2002). This means that if person A sees B, B causes A to get the perception. Therefore, B is not a passive party in the process of perception, but an active participant in the participation process.  On the other hand, realism theory proposes that something or belief can only be concluded to be the truth one a reliable process has been used to test that truth. It is not enough to state that something is true because many people believe it to be, but an organized and systematic process of verification of that truth must be carried out to conclude it to be the truth. They describe a process known as “analysis of knowledge,” which suggests that what people believe as true needs to go through scientific methods for verification before conclusions are made on its accuracy. In short, nothing should be taken for granted no matter how obvious it looks.

 These theories offer an explanation to the human perception of truth and belief.  It is not enough for something to be said to be the truth just because of belief. Ordinary people can gain knowledge through their experience since exposure to certain circumstances usually, tests their beliefs and makes them discard some of the beliefs they previously thought are truths. Furthermore, ordinary people experience several instances that enable them to establish the consistency of each of the things believed to be true. However, if people are put in an artificial world like the one in “The Matrix,” it becomes increasingly difficult for them to gain knowledge because they have been prevented from doing so. For example, they do have an opportunity to experience the defeaters to the circumstances they encounter, making it impossible for them to dispute some untrue perceptions.

In my opinion, we are not in a situation such as the one presented in the matrix. This is because our world is different from the one in The Matrix in various ways. For example, our perception of reality is free, which makes it possible for us to see various forms of reality. We can experience both natural and artificial states, which means what we perceive is not under the control of somebody. Furthermore, the fact that we can think about other forms of reality means we have not been prevented from thinking freely. Finally, in many cases, we are free to disagree with the common perception of the majority, which is evidence of a free mind. However, this is just an opinion, and before a verification process is undertaken, it can only be assumed correctly.


It is apparent that there is no agreement on what should be said to the truth in any situation, or on who should determine this truth. Surprisingly, it is possible for human beings to control the kind of perception others will have through denial of normal exposure to situations.


Johns, R. (2002). A Theory of Physical Probability. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press.

Plantinga, A. & Kvanvig, J. L. (1996). Warrant in Contemporary Epistemology: Essays in

Honor of Plantinga’s Theory of Knowledge. London; New York, NY: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers.


Tired of Guidelines or Lack Time to Work on Your Paper, Get Original Custom Research Paper Writing Service

Thecustomwriting.com research paper writing service has saved thousands of students from stressful college life. Writing a custom research paper may be challenging, considering it has to be plagiarism-free. And it is better not to do your project than to hand in plagiarized work or hurriedly complete it if you do not have time.

Academic integrity is so vital that you may get a suspension or an expulsion because of a copy-pasted work. Writing a custom research paper requires research and writing skills to produce original content. Here are essential things to know about getting the best and legit assignments help websites.

Perfection is vital

Every website will promise you that they produce high-quality work. However, you put your money for your end-of-semester paper only to get a pass. You must learn how to identify the best writing service before committing.

Thecustomwriting.com produces quality content at all times. Rather than a quality promise, quality assurance is what you should consider before hiring a research writer. Best writing services are reliable. You don't want to partner with a cheap research paper writing service that will deliver poorly written essays hours after the due date.

Quality writers are part of the best writing service. A company that has untrained writers will fail you. Before committing, ensure that the people who will write your paper are academicians and professionals. It would help if you had a writer who will be prompt to respond to your questions and follow instructions. Writers who do not fear to ask for clarification where they don't understand are the best for you.

Beware of Scammers Posing to Provide Custom Research Paper Writing Service

It may take time and effort to find a legit custom research paper writing service. Most of the websites claiming to offer writing service trades your paper with another student. For example, if you order your paper today to submit it next week, you may find that another student has already handed over the same document.

Your money is gone, you have no paper to submit, and the deadline is in two hours. You can only sit and cook up some stories for your lecturer. Otherwise, wait for a penalty or suspension.

Others will give you half-baked papers in the name of cheap essays. Apart from reselling your paper, some companies will offer you copy-pasted work. If you don't have tools such as Turnitin or Copyscape to check plagiarism, you may find yourself in the dean's office explaining why you copied your work from the internet word-to-word.

We offer one of the best research paper writing services in the USA and the U.K.

You won’t regret choosing Thecustomwriting.com to handle your research. Your project is an essential part of your academic work. It determines whether you will move on to the next semester or if your name will appear on the graduation list. Do not gamble your education by hiring any cheap essay writing website you find on the internet. Look for a custom research paper writing service reviews before commit.

Avoid scandals by hiring Thecustomwriting.com. Count yourself lucky if you are reading this article. You are in the right direction in finding the writing service for your paper. Though many websites could have frustrated you, Thecustomwriting.com is committed to providing you with reliable service for your paper.

Thecustomwriting.com offers quality services at affordable prices, and they deliver your work on time. They have native English writers that write your paper using the correct language.

Plagiarism Free Custom Research Paper Writing Service

Our writers understand the seriousness of writing plagiarized papers. Every institution has regulations that govern how a research project is conducted. Universities and colleges take plagiarism as gross misconduct. The best writing services are those that will deliver plagiarism-free papers.

Plagiarism involves, among others, copying a published work and delivering it to your lecturer as your own without acknowledging the sources.

Another way your work can be plagiarized is the failure to include the source of your content in a research paper. If you are using someone's thought, you need to include a reference and in-text citations to show that you are using another scholars' worker.

It's a gross mistake to write a five-page paper without a single source unless the paper's nature does not require you to rely on any sources. Here are some tips our writers use to avoid accidental plagiarism:

  • Cite direct quotes, statistics, and paraphrased content.
  • Ensure that all in-text citations are included in the biography and vice versa.
  • Directly quoting not more than 2% of the paper, if quoting is necessary (some papers are exempted from this rule, especially literature).
  • Stick to high authority, scholarly sources. Our writers will hardly paraphrase content from third party blogs and other questionable sites.
  • Consider Buying A Custom Research Paper from Thecustomwriting.Com

    Consider hiring an expert essay writer if you are not sure about your capabilities. Referencing and citations can be challenging, especially if you try to do it for the first time. It's even harder when your lecturer asks you to use a hard referencing style. For example, Harvard requires you to include page numbers, dates, and the author's name in the text. If you have several papers with a strict deadline, you should consider hiring a custom research paper writing service to help you work on your essays.

    However, ensure the website you want to hire offers legit writing service. A good website should at least charge for its services. You will find many websites willing to provide you with free services. No one is that idle to sit and write a paper for free. Sites that provide free or cheap services hooks you when you least expect.

    Also, consider the price of writing a paper. Though cheap essays are of low quality, other sites may have inflated prices for their rate, making you needlessly break your bank.

    Thecustomwriting.com understands the need for a fair and reasonable price for most students. We know that most students need service, but they do not have enough resources. We, therefore, offer quality service that you can afford.

    Benefits of using custom research paper writing service

    If this is your first time considering using a custom writing service, the first thing is to know why taking such an action is the best. Choosing Thecustomwriting.com ensures professional writers handle your paper. Letting a qualified person handle your project can boost your grade. You cannot afford to fail in the upcoming end-of-semester project. In any case, your progress to the next level will be determined by how well you perform in your essay.

    Thecustomwriting.com ensures the timely delivery of your work. The good thing about legit essay writers is that they can write your essay within the shortest time possible, with one page taking up to one hour at most. It doesn't matter what time you want your work done: Thecustomwriting.com is always ready for a task.

    We will give you a paper written explicitly for you. We will ensure that your paper is not delivered to someone else.

    Come to think of this; if five of your classmates decide to order an essay for the same class, five writers will be assigned to work on different papers instead of paraphrasing one paper and sending it to five of you.

    Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

    Do subject specialist writers handle my research paper?

    It's our responsibility to ensure that someone from your field handles your paper. Our company has enough writers from every discipline. We provide only a research writer qualified in your subject to handle your paper. After placing an order, the first step is to screen the question and requirement and match it with the best writer. The less qualified writer has a college diploma, and they only handle high school papers. All other writers are bachelor, masters, and PhD degree holders.

    Are your researchers qualified enough to know the core of the research?

    We commit to quality content. We understand that failure to deliver quality service will result in the loss of clients. Therefore, we only hire qualified writers who have an in-depth understanding of your paper. Whether you want quantitative research done using Chi-square or qualitative research, Thecustomwriting.com’s writers will comfortably handle any discipline or type of paper. Besides, we offer research paper service from college to PhD. Therefore, we cannot afford to have unqualified writers. Our researchers take every instruction keenly when writing your essay.

    Should I worry about order placement?

    There is nothing to worry about placing your order. Our platform has a simple, user-friendly interface that enables you to navigate to different functionalities with ease. We offer quality custom research paper writing services; thus, you don't have to worry about getting value for your money. Besides, you can track your order's progress. Our system progressively send you email notifications regarding every stage of your orders' progress; thus, you don't even have to log in to track down your order. You will also see the progress on the dashboard when you log in. Moreover, our support team will contact you when the writer needs any clarification.

    Can I have direct communication with the writer after the order placement?

    Our system is designed in such a way that it allows you to communicate with your writer directly. We understand the need to clarify things yourself to the writer. Furthermore, our support team is available 24 hours to ensure that urgent matters are communicated swiftly with the writer.

    Will I get any discount on recommendation?

    The answer is yes. We value your efforts and trust to recommend us to your friends. We will offer you a discount on your next order if a client mentions your email when placing an order.

    What guarantees should customers look for?

    We have a written list of what we guarantee our clients in our terms. We guarantee the quality, confidentiality, free revision, original content, and timely delivery. We also guarantee money-back if, in the unlikely event, you are not happy with the quality of the paper.

    What makes a reliable writing company?

    It's easy to know a reputable company. First, they are transparent about their services. They offer multiple methods of communication and have qualified writers. Most importantly, they deliver your work on time, deliver original content, and honour what they have guaranteed.

    Why should customers not opt for cheap essay writing services?

    Cheap essay services will only waste your time. They have foreign writers who will produce plagiarized content full of grammar errors. You will waste your precious time waiting for a paper that you can't give your lecturer.

    Is buying essays online safe?

    It's safe to buy your essay if you take the right precaution. Before putting your money on a strange site, explore the website to see whether you will get customer reviews. They will help you make the right decision.

    How do I hire someone to write an essay for me?

    These are common questions with most clients. It's effortless to get a professional writer. The first step is to identify a custom research paper writing service that is legit and sign up. After that, they will guide you on how to place your order and get a writer. Some companies will allow you to choose a writer for yourself or choose a writer for you.

    What types of writing services can I order online?

    Our website offers a variety of legit essay services. We provide any academic assistance, including research projects, assignments, and admission letters. Visit our website to see what each service entails.

    What benefits and additional features do Thecustomwriting.com services offer?

    We offer several free services to our customers. We offer free revision, a discount on your first order, and free pages such as references and cover pages. Also, we have a quality control department that ensures that all papers are of high quality before delivering them to you.

    Do websites maintain your privacy? Are orders secured?

    Your privacy is our top priority. You will be recognized by your I.D. assigned to you after signup instead of your name. The only person who can access your account is you or anyone else you give your password. Your payment is through a third party. Therefore, your personal information will never reach our site without your consent.

    What are the pros of ordering from custom writing services?

    You get quality papers. We have writers with decades of experience delivering quality papers worth the client's money and much more. We understand your power to influence our progress. Your paper will be delivered on time and written by professional writers.

    Hire a professional writer

    Now that you know what to look for when considering the custom research paper writing services, it's time to try us. Sign up and get a discount on your first order. You don't have to worry about quality, timely delivery, and price. We know they are essential to you.

    Calculate your order
    Pages (275 words)
    Standard price: $0.00
    Client Reviews
    Our Guarantees
    100% Confidentiality
    Information about customers is confidential and never disclosed to third parties.
    Original Writing
    We complete all papers from scratch. You can get a plagiarism report.
    Timely Delivery
    No missed deadlines – 97% of assignments are completed in time.
    Money Back
    If you're confident that a writer didn't follow your order details, ask for a refund.

    Calculate the price of your order

    You will get a personal manager and a discount.
    We'll send you the first draft for approval by at
    Total price:
    Power up Your Academic Success with the
    Team of Professionals. We’ve Got Your Back.
    Power up Your Study Success with Experts We’ve Got Your Back.