fbpx

The Extinction of the Dinosaurs

The Extinction of the Dinosaurs

The Extinction of the Dinosaurs

Abstract

Dinosaurs were extinct more than 65 million years ago, but the question on what led to their demise has led to many contemptuous debates. The number of hypotheses on dinosaur’s extinction since the discovery of dinosaur’s fossils in the 19th century is astonishing. However, in the recent past, the arrival of new research has significantly refined the understanding of dinosaur extinction. This paper aims to examine the likely explanation of dinosaur’s extinction from existing records.  The paper demonstrates why abrupt climate or atmospheric change from either bolide or asteroid impact or related change is the most likely cause of extinction. While such impact in the future is inevitable, this paper demonstrates how environmentalists and scientist can use the current understanding of extinction to improve strategies that can prevent the elimination of most vulnerable species today.

            Keywords: dinosaur’s extinction, fossils, climate change

The Extinction of the Dinosaurs

Introduction

Climate change is a significant threat to global diversity. It is hard to protect the most vulnerable species from the impact of climate change even within the reserves. Also, climate change can interact with other anthropogenic impacts, which makes the change an even deadly threat to species; it can result in the complete extinction of some species. Dinosaur is one of the oldest species that went into demise approximately 65 million years ago (Brusatte et al., 2015). Pundits postulate numerous hypotheses behind the extinction; nonetheless, most recently suggesting that dinosaur extinction was geographically and abruptly caused by a terrestrial occurrence, which occurred at the Cretaceous period. However, some scientists remain skeptical that this could be the only cause of dinosaur’s extinction. Notably, many hypotheses that exist link the extinction of dinosaurs with climate change. As such, understanding the proximate cause of such extinction is essential for different reasons. Primarily, identifying the cause of dinosaur’s extinction can help scientists, environmentalist, and other stakeholders to establish better strategies for protecting species under threat of extinction. The primary focus of this paper is to use the current records to address the broad-scale question about the cause of the extinction. Ruling out the likely explanation for the extinction of dinosaur can help develop a strategy that can be used to prevent the imminent extinction of species.

Theories of Dinosaur Extinction

            Theories of dinosaur’s extinction started to appear soon after the first remains were discovered at the beginning of the nineteenth century. Scores of hypothesis and speculations have emerged since then on extinction. One hypothesis is that the dinosaurs could have starved to death or could have died from overeating (Debus, 2016). Also, there exists an argument that extinction may have been caused by a nutritional problem caused by evolving plants and flowers (Brusatte et al., 2015). Further, other interpreters assume that water might have become poisonous for the creatures to handle. Another popular ingenious twist is that the herbivores dinosaurs may have changed their eating habits, causing a complete demise of the species.

Moreover, many scientist and experts have invoked geophysical or biological causes. Some claim that a change of earth gravity may have contributed to their extinction (Elewa, 2014). Other claims that iridium anomalies in rocks could have exploded near the earth, increasing the solar proton flux which created ultraviolet radiation that attacked the dinosaurs (Elewa, 2014). Varieties of hypothesis also suggest that the component of the atmosphere changed and killed the dinosaurs. Some of the theories that have been developed over the years attribute the extinction to hormonal disorders, their inability to adapt to change, living too long, shrinking brains ability, or social problems that caused malfunction of their brains. Debus (2016) list some of the most causes as volcanic gases, sunspots, suicide, war amongst themselves, meteorites, comets, and God’s will. In essence, the number of these contending causes has led pundits to question whether the extinction of dinosaurs has a single overriding cause, or was because of multiple geophysical, biological, social, and environmental factors.

One of the most recognized theory is that dinosaur went extinct after a bolide impact on earth leading to environmental disturbance. The theory postulates that an asteroid or comet or meteoroids struck the earth, spreading fined materials into the atmosphere, which then spread around the globe (Brusatte et al., 2015). However, some scientists are still unsure of how such an impact could have led to immediate extinct of dinosaurs and no other mammals and birds. Existing data demonstrates that environmental changes whether volcanic induced or otherwise, could affect the dinosaur’s ability to survive (Brusatte et al., 2015). Given the numerous support of such theory, this paper holds that this bolide impact and related environmental change is the probable cause of the dinosaur extinction.

Evidence from Fossil Records

            One of the most significant challenges in studying extinction is the biases from the latest fossil records. Many dinosaurs’ fossils have been discovered from various part of the world. Unfortunately, only North American has a collective record of such stacked faunas. Brusatte et al. (2015) have produced numerous stratigraphically refined and quantitative data on Cretaceous dinosaurs based on fossils found in North America. The authors found a geologically instantaneous extinction associated with catastrophic agitation to the ecosystem and suggested that the morphology of crater and the direct impact with the asteroid imply that the interior of the North American has the most significant brunt impact. As such, the rate of extinction of dinosaur in this region is rampant compared to other regions. However, this hypothesis does not explain the effects on other habitats. For example, frogs did not show a decline across the boundary. Such limitation is an indication that extinction may have been a combination of various biological and geophysical factors. 

            Fossil records in North American and other parts of the world help define the extinction scenarios of the dinosaurs. North America offers critical knowledge to scientists, environmentalist, and other stakeholders about the extinction of these creatures (Brusatte et al., 2015). Current studies on the extinction of dinosaurs indicate that environmental related events such as acid rains or sharp temperature can have a significant impact on living species. The possibility of an asteroid impact is inevitable; however, scientists and environmentalists can focus on ameliorating the strategies of climatic change to prevent future extinction.  

Conclusion

Numerous hypotheses behind the extinction of dinosaurs are astonishing; however, the most recognized link the elimination to climate change. Given the enormous support of geophysical and environmental factor, this paper has demonstrated how bolide and asteroid and related consequences could be the most probable cause of the dinosaur’s extinction. As such, climate change or environmental alteration is a potential cause of extinction. This knowledge could help ameliorate current strategies utilized to prevent the extinction of the most vulnerable species. The extinction scenarios demonstrate the importance of investigating the issues to prevent complete extinction of important species on the planet. Even the newest studies in North American and other parts of the world with dinosaurs’ fossils remain mysterious; therefore, these studies are open to further investigation in the future.

References

Archibald, J. D. (2014). What the dinosaur record says about extinction scenarios. Geological Society of America Special Papers505, 213-224. https://bit.ly/2Vcbc11

Brusatte, S. L., Butler, R. J., Barrett, P. M., Carrano, M. T., Evans, D. C., Lloyd, G. T., … & Williamson, T. E. (2015). The extinction of the dinosaurs. Biological Reviews90(2), 628-642. https://ecee.colorado.edu/~ecen5009/Resources/Dinosaur/Brusatte2015.pdf

Debus, A. A. (2016). Dinosaurs Ever Evolving- The Changing Face of Prehistoric Animals in Popular Culture. North Carolina: McFarland & Company Ltd.  https://bit.ly/2Do4gEb

Elewa, A. M. (2014). Causes of mass extinctions—with special reference to the vanishing of dinosaurs. Greener Journal of Physical Sciences4(2), 13-21. https://bit.ly/2PlAZi6

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Tired of Guidelines or Lack Time to Work on Your Paper, Get Original Custom Research Paper Writing Service

Thecustomwriting.com research paper writing service has saved thousands of students from stressful college life. Writing a custom research paper may be challenging, considering it has to be plagiarism-free. And it is better not to do your project than to hand in plagiarized work or hurriedly complete it if you do not have time.

Academic integrity is so vital that you may get a suspension or an expulsion because of a copy-pasted work. Writing a custom research paper requires research and writing skills to produce original content. Here are essential things to know about getting the best and legit assignments help websites.

Perfection is vital

Every website will promise you that they produce high-quality work. However, you put your money for your end-of-semester paper only to get a pass. You must learn how to identify the best writing service before committing.

Thecustomwriting.com produces quality content at all times. Rather than a quality promise, quality assurance is what you should consider before hiring a research writer. Best writing services are reliable. You don't want to partner with a cheap research paper writing service that will deliver poorly written essays hours after the due date.

Quality writers are part of the best writing service. A company that has untrained writers will fail you. Before committing, ensure that the people who will write your paper are academicians and professionals. It would help if you had a writer who will be prompt to respond to your questions and follow instructions. Writers who do not fear to ask for clarification where they don't understand are the best for you.

Beware of Scammers Posing to Provide Custom Research Paper Writing Service

It may take time and effort to find a legit custom research paper writing service. Most of the websites claiming to offer writing service trades your paper with another student. For example, if you order your paper today to submit it next week, you may find that another student has already handed over the same document.

Your money is gone, you have no paper to submit, and the deadline is in two hours. You can only sit and cook up some stories for your lecturer. Otherwise, wait for a penalty or suspension.

Others will give you half-baked papers in the name of cheap essays. Apart from reselling your paper, some companies will offer you copy-pasted work. If you don't have tools such as Turnitin or Copyscape to check plagiarism, you may find yourself in the dean's office explaining why you copied your work from the internet word-to-word.

We offer one of the best research paper writing services in the USA and the U.K.

You won’t regret choosing Thecustomwriting.com to handle your research. Your project is an essential part of your academic work. It determines whether you will move on to the next semester or if your name will appear on the graduation list. Do not gamble your education by hiring any cheap essay writing website you find on the internet. Look for a custom research paper writing service reviews before commit.

Avoid scandals by hiring Thecustomwriting.com. Count yourself lucky if you are reading this article. You are in the right direction in finding the writing service for your paper. Though many websites could have frustrated you, Thecustomwriting.com is committed to providing you with reliable service for your paper.

Thecustomwriting.com offers quality services at affordable prices, and they deliver your work on time. They have native English writers that write your paper using the correct language.

Plagiarism Free Custom Research Paper Writing Service

Our writers understand the seriousness of writing plagiarized papers. Every institution has regulations that govern how a research project is conducted. Universities and colleges take plagiarism as gross misconduct. The best writing services are those that will deliver plagiarism-free papers.

Plagiarism involves, among others, copying a published work and delivering it to your lecturer as your own without acknowledging the sources.

Another way your work can be plagiarized is the failure to include the source of your content in a research paper. If you are using someone's thought, you need to include a reference and in-text citations to show that you are using another scholars' worker.

It's a gross mistake to write a five-page paper without a single source unless the paper's nature does not require you to rely on any sources. Here are some tips our writers use to avoid accidental plagiarism:

  • Cite direct quotes, statistics, and paraphrased content.
  • Ensure that all in-text citations are included in the biography and vice versa.
  • Directly quoting not more than 2% of the paper, if quoting is necessary (some papers are exempted from this rule, especially literature).
  • Stick to high authority, scholarly sources. Our writers will hardly paraphrase content from third party blogs and other questionable sites.
  • Consider Buying A Custom Research Paper from Thecustomwriting.Com

    Consider hiring an expert essay writer if you are not sure about your capabilities. Referencing and citations can be challenging, especially if you try to do it for the first time. It's even harder when your lecturer asks you to use a hard referencing style. For example, Harvard requires you to include page numbers, dates, and the author's name in the text. If you have several papers with a strict deadline, you should consider hiring a custom research paper writing service to help you work on your essays.

    However, ensure the website you want to hire offers legit writing service. A good website should at least charge for its services. You will find many websites willing to provide you with free services. No one is that idle to sit and write a paper for free. Sites that provide free or cheap services hooks you when you least expect.

    Also, consider the price of writing a paper. Though cheap essays are of low quality, other sites may have inflated prices for their rate, making you needlessly break your bank.

    Thecustomwriting.com understands the need for a fair and reasonable price for most students. We know that most students need service, but they do not have enough resources. We, therefore, offer quality service that you can afford.

    Benefits of using custom research paper writing service

    If this is your first time considering using a custom writing service, the first thing is to know why taking such an action is the best. Choosing Thecustomwriting.com ensures professional writers handle your paper. Letting a qualified person handle your project can boost your grade. You cannot afford to fail in the upcoming end-of-semester project. In any case, your progress to the next level will be determined by how well you perform in your essay.

    Thecustomwriting.com ensures the timely delivery of your work. The good thing about legit essay writers is that they can write your essay within the shortest time possible, with one page taking up to one hour at most. It doesn't matter what time you want your work done: Thecustomwriting.com is always ready for a task.

    We will give you a paper written explicitly for you. We will ensure that your paper is not delivered to someone else.

    Come to think of this; if five of your classmates decide to order an essay for the same class, five writers will be assigned to work on different papers instead of paraphrasing one paper and sending it to five of you.

    Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

    Do subject specialist writers handle my research paper?

    It's our responsibility to ensure that someone from your field handles your paper. Our company has enough writers from every discipline. We provide only a research writer qualified in your subject to handle your paper. After placing an order, the first step is to screen the question and requirement and match it with the best writer. The less qualified writer has a college diploma, and they only handle high school papers. All other writers are bachelor, masters, and PhD degree holders.

    Are your researchers qualified enough to know the core of the research?

    We commit to quality content. We understand that failure to deliver quality service will result in the loss of clients. Therefore, we only hire qualified writers who have an in-depth understanding of your paper. Whether you want quantitative research done using Chi-square or qualitative research, Thecustomwriting.com’s writers will comfortably handle any discipline or type of paper. Besides, we offer research paper service from college to PhD. Therefore, we cannot afford to have unqualified writers. Our researchers take every instruction keenly when writing your essay.

    Should I worry about order placement?

    There is nothing to worry about placing your order. Our platform has a simple, user-friendly interface that enables you to navigate to different functionalities with ease. We offer quality custom research paper writing services; thus, you don't have to worry about getting value for your money. Besides, you can track your order's progress. Our system progressively send you email notifications regarding every stage of your orders' progress; thus, you don't even have to log in to track down your order. You will also see the progress on the dashboard when you log in. Moreover, our support team will contact you when the writer needs any clarification.

    Can I have direct communication with the writer after the order placement?

    Our system is designed in such a way that it allows you to communicate with your writer directly. We understand the need to clarify things yourself to the writer. Furthermore, our support team is available 24 hours to ensure that urgent matters are communicated swiftly with the writer.

    Will I get any discount on recommendation?

    The answer is yes. We value your efforts and trust to recommend us to your friends. We will offer you a discount on your next order if a client mentions your email when placing an order.

    What guarantees should customers look for?

    We have a written list of what we guarantee our clients in our terms. We guarantee the quality, confidentiality, free revision, original content, and timely delivery. We also guarantee money-back if, in the unlikely event, you are not happy with the quality of the paper.

    What makes a reliable writing company?

    It's easy to know a reputable company. First, they are transparent about their services. They offer multiple methods of communication and have qualified writers. Most importantly, they deliver your work on time, deliver original content, and honour what they have guaranteed.

    Why should customers not opt for cheap essay writing services?

    Cheap essay services will only waste your time. They have foreign writers who will produce plagiarized content full of grammar errors. You will waste your precious time waiting for a paper that you can't give your lecturer.

    Is buying essays online safe?

    It's safe to buy your essay if you take the right precaution. Before putting your money on a strange site, explore the website to see whether you will get customer reviews. They will help you make the right decision.

    How do I hire someone to write an essay for me?

    These are common questions with most clients. It's effortless to get a professional writer. The first step is to identify a custom research paper writing service that is legit and sign up. After that, they will guide you on how to place your order and get a writer. Some companies will allow you to choose a writer for yourself or choose a writer for you.

    What types of writing services can I order online?

    Our website offers a variety of legit essay services. We provide any academic assistance, including research projects, assignments, and admission letters. Visit our website to see what each service entails.

    What benefits and additional features do Thecustomwriting.com services offer?

    We offer several free services to our customers. We offer free revision, a discount on your first order, and free pages such as references and cover pages. Also, we have a quality control department that ensures that all papers are of high quality before delivering them to you.

    Do websites maintain your privacy? Are orders secured?

    Your privacy is our top priority. You will be recognized by your I.D. assigned to you after signup instead of your name. The only person who can access your account is you or anyone else you give your password. Your payment is through a third party. Therefore, your personal information will never reach our site without your consent.

    What are the pros of ordering from custom writing services?

    You get quality papers. We have writers with decades of experience delivering quality papers worth the client's money and much more. We understand your power to influence our progress. Your paper will be delivered on time and written by professional writers.

    Hire a professional writer

    Now that you know what to look for when considering the custom research paper writing services, it's time to try us. Sign up and get a discount on your first order. You don't have to worry about quality, timely delivery, and price. We know they are essential to you.

    Calculate your order
    Pages (275 words)
    Standard price: $0.00
    Client Reviews
    4.9
    Sitejabber
    4.6
    Trustpilot
    4.8
    Our Guarantees
    100% Confidentiality
    Information about customers is confidential and never disclosed to third parties.
    Original Writing
    We complete all papers from scratch. You can get a plagiarism report.
    Timely Delivery
    No missed deadlines – 97% of assignments are completed in time.
    Money Back
    If you're confident that a writer didn't follow your order details, ask for a refund.

    Calculate the price of your order

    You will get a personal manager and a discount.
    We'll send you the first draft for approval by at
    Total price:
    $0.00
    Power up Your Academic Success with the
    Team of Professionals. We’ve Got Your Back.
    Power up Your Study Success with Experts We’ve Got Your Back.