Women are most often diagnosed with cancer in the United States with over 100,000 new diagnoses per year. It is the leading cause of cancer deaths in women with over 40,000 lives attributed to it (Colditz, 2015). Many risk factors have been described for breast cancer such as improper diets and lifestyle and genetic factors, among many others. Low levels of physical activity and a sedentary lifestyle have also been identified as predisposing factors. Work done shows that the disease is more prevalent in women who do not lead an active life (Colditz, 2015). It is necessary that the factors predisposing women to breast cancer are studied so that the appropriate interventions can be put in place.
Observational studies are useful tools for investigating the causes of disease. They provide information on the cause and progression of a disease (von Elm et. al., 2007). In this case, cohort, cross-sectional and case-control studies can be used to investigate the association of race as a risk factor for breast cancer. When conducting such studies, the STROBE statement (Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology) is useful as it provides a checklist of items that should be addressed in research.
A cohort study is an observational study in which the population is selected from among people suspected to have been exposed to the risk factor. In this case, the people of interest will be women who have not had cancer before. The cohort will include women who lead an active life as well as those who do not. The women will be selected from those 30- 45 years old. This is chosen since it is the age at which most women develop breast cancer (Colditz, 2015). They will be observed for up to 10 years while data relevant to the disease is collected. This includes data concerning their lifestyle which can be used to describe the correlation of their lifestyle to the incidence of sickness, and the outcome will be the presence of disease.
The main advantage of this type of study is that it can be used to directly measure the incidence of a disease due to the exposure. The cohort study also makes the relationship between the exposure and the outcome clear and easy to understand. The major disadvantage is that is expensive and time-consuming since subjects are followed for some years.
In this type of study, populations confirmed to have the disease of interest are compared with those who do not. This kind of research is usually retrospective since it compares populations with the outcome of interest against those who do not have the outcome. They look back retrospectively to compare the frequency of exposure to risk factors in each group so as to come up with a relationship between the risk factor and the disease (HHSL, 2011).
Case-control design can be used to determine the relationship between exercise and breast cancer in women. Two groups of women will be selected, one with breast cancer and the other without. The group with cancer will be the cases while those without will be the control. They should all be in the same age group for a comparison. The research will involve looking back into the history of both groups of women to determine the level of exposure to the risk factor that either led to them having or not having the disease. In this case, the study will be useful in determining whether the level of activity a woman engages in plays a role in role in reducing the risk of breast cancer. The main advantage of the design is that it can be used to study rare diseases such as cancer. It also requires less time to carry out. The biggest problem is that the quality of data is not reliable since it relies on the memory of the participants.
In this study, data is collected from the population of interest at a particular point in time to examine the incidence of the disease at a given moment. For instance, the population can be sampled to identify the women with and without breast cancer. Women are selected from the same age group and information about their level of exercise is collected. It will be used to determine the correlation between the frequency of physical activity and the incidence of breast cancer. Such a study is descriptive since it is used to define the prevalence of cancer in women who do not exercise. The main advantage is that it is not as expensive as the cohort and the case study design. The major disadvantage is that it is not useful in studying diseases that have a long term progression such as cancer.
Observational studies are helpful in identifying and investigating the cause of a disease such as breast cancer. These designs include the cohort, case study, and cross-sectional designs. For the study to be valid, it should consider the STROBE statement and the checklist of items to be addressed in observational studies is included. This involves the population of interest, the eligibility criteria and the selection of participants. When examining the influence of exercise on breast cancer, the population of interest is women who either have or have never had cancer. They are eligible for participation if the fall within 30 – 45 years. As shown, the cross- sectional design is not helpful when studying long-term conditions such as cancer.
Colditz, G. (2015). Breast cancer epidemiology and risk factors. Medscape. Retrieved from http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1697353-overview
The Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library. (2011). Study design- Case Control Study. Retrieved from https://himmelfarb.gwu.edu/tutorials/studydesign101/casecontrols.html
Von Elm, E., Altman, D. G., Egger, M., Pocock, S. J., Gøtzsche, P. C. and Vandenbroucke, J. P. (2007). The Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) statement: Guidelines for reporting observational studies. Annals of Internal Medicine, 147(8), 573–w161.
Tired of Guidelines or Lack Time to Work on Your Paper, Get Original Custom Research Paper Writing Service
Thecustomwriting.com research paper writing service has saved thousands of students from stressful college life. Writing a custom research paper may be challenging, considering it has to be plagiarism-free. And it is better not to do your project than to hand in plagiarized work or hurriedly complete it if you do not have time.
Academic integrity is so vital that you may get a suspension or an expulsion because of a copy-pasted work. Writing a custom research paper requires research and writing skills to produce original content. Here are essential things to know about getting the best and legit assignments help websites.
Perfection is vital
Every website will promise you that they produce high-quality work. However, you put your money for your end-of-semester paper only to get a pass. You must learn how to identify the best writing service before committing.
Thecustomwriting.com produces quality content at all times. Rather than a quality promise, quality assurance is what you should consider before hiring a research writer. Best writing services are reliable. You don't want to partner with a cheap research paper writing service that will deliver poorly written essays hours after the due date.
Quality writers are part of the best writing service. A company that has untrained writers will fail you. Before committing, ensure that the people who will write your paper are academicians and professionals. It would help if you had a writer who will be prompt to respond to your questions and follow instructions. Writers who do not fear to ask for clarification where they don't understand are the best for you.
Beware of Scammers Posing to Provide Custom Research Paper Writing Service
It may take time and effort to find a legit custom research paper writing service. Most of the websites claiming to offer writing service trades your paper with another student. For example, if you order your paper today to submit it next week, you may find that another student has already handed over the same document.
Your money is gone, you have no paper to submit, and the deadline is in two hours. You can only sit and cook up some stories for your lecturer. Otherwise, wait for a penalty or suspension.
Others will give you half-baked papers in the name of cheap essays. Apart from reselling your paper, some companies will offer you copy-pasted work. If you don't have tools such as Turnitin or Copyscape to check plagiarism, you may find yourself in the dean's office explaining why you copied your work from the internet word-to-word.
We offer one of the best research paper writing services in the USA and the U.K.
You won’t regret choosing Thecustomwriting.com to handle your research. Your project is an essential part of your academic work. It determines whether you will move on to the next semester or if your name will appear on the graduation list. Do not gamble your education by hiring any cheap essay writing website you find on the internet. Look for a custom research paper writing service reviews before commit.
Avoid scandals by hiring Thecustomwriting.com. Count yourself lucky if you are reading this article. You are in the right direction in finding the writing service for your paper. Though many websites could have frustrated you, Thecustomwriting.com is committed to providing you with reliable service for your paper.
Thecustomwriting.com offers quality services at affordable prices, and they deliver your work on time. They have native English writers that write your paper using the correct language.
Plagiarism Free Custom Research Paper Writing Service
Our writers understand the seriousness of writing plagiarized papers. Every institution has regulations that govern how a research project is conducted. Universities and colleges take plagiarism as gross misconduct. The best writing services are those that will deliver plagiarism-free papers.
Plagiarism involves, among others, copying a published work and delivering it to your lecturer as your own without acknowledging the sources.
Another way your work can be plagiarized is the failure to include the source of your content in a research paper. If you are using someone's thought, you need to include a reference and in-text citations to show that you are using another scholars' worker.
It's a gross mistake to write a five-page paper without a single source unless the paper's nature does not require you to rely on any sources. Here are some tips our writers use to avoid accidental plagiarism:
Cite direct quotes, statistics, and paraphrased content.
Ensure that all in-text citations are included in the biography and vice versa.
Directly quoting not more than 2% of the paper, if quoting is necessary (some papers are exempted from this rule, especially literature).
Stick to high authority, scholarly sources. Our writers will hardly paraphrase content from third party blogs and other questionable sites.
Consider Buying A Custom Research Paper from Thecustomwriting.Com
Consider hiring an expert essay writer if you are not sure about your capabilities. Referencing and citations can be challenging, especially if you try to do it for the first time. It's even harder when your lecturer asks you to use a hard referencing style. For example, Harvard requires you to include page numbers, dates, and the author's name in the text. If you have several papers with a strict deadline, you should consider hiring a custom research paper writing service to help you work on your essays.
However, ensure the website you want to hire offers legit writing service. A good website should at least charge for its services. You will find many websites willing to provide you with free services. No one is that idle to sit and write a paper for free. Sites that provide free or cheap services hooks you when you least expect.
Also, consider the price of writing a paper. Though cheap essays are of low quality, other sites may have inflated prices for their rate, making you needlessly break your bank.
Thecustomwriting.com understands the need for a fair and reasonable price for most students. We know that most students need service, but they do not have enough resources. We, therefore, offer quality service that you can afford.
Benefits of using custom research paper writing service
If this is your first time considering using a custom writing service, the first thing is to know why taking such an action is the best. Choosing Thecustomwriting.com ensures professional writers handle your paper. Letting a qualified person handle your project can boost your grade. You cannot afford to fail in the upcoming end-of-semester project. In any case, your progress to the next level will be determined by how well you perform in your essay.
Thecustomwriting.com ensures the timely delivery of your work. The good thing about legit essay writers is that they can write your essay within the shortest time possible, with one page taking up to one hour at most. It doesn't matter what time you want your work done: Thecustomwriting.com is always ready for a task.
We will give you a paper written explicitly for you. We will ensure that your paper is not delivered to someone else.
Come to think of this; if five of your classmates decide to order an essay for the same class, five writers will be assigned to work on different papers instead of paraphrasing one paper and sending it to five of you.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
It's our responsibility to ensure that someone from your field handles your paper. Our company has enough writers from every discipline. We provide only a research writer qualified in your subject to handle your paper. After placing an order, the first step is to screen the question and requirement and match it with the best writer. The less qualified writer has a college diploma, and they only handle high school papers. All other writers are bachelor, masters, and PhD degree holders.
We commit to quality content. We understand that failure to deliver quality service will result in the loss of clients. Therefore, we only hire qualified writers who have an in-depth understanding of your paper. Whether you want quantitative research done using Chi-square or qualitative research, Thecustomwriting.com’s writers will comfortably handle any discipline or type of paper. Besides, we offer research paper service from college to PhD. Therefore, we cannot afford to have unqualified writers. Our researchers take every instruction keenly when writing your essay.
There is nothing to worry about placing your order. Our platform has a simple, user-friendly interface that enables you to navigate to different functionalities with ease. We offer quality custom research paper writing services; thus, you don't have to worry about getting value for your money. Besides, you can track your order's progress. Our system progressively send you email notifications regarding every stage of your orders' progress; thus, you don't even have to log in to track down your order. You will also see the progress on the dashboard when you log in. Moreover, our support team will contact you when the writer needs any clarification.
Our system is designed in such a way that it allows you to communicate with your writer directly. We understand the need to clarify things yourself to the writer. Furthermore, our support team is available 24 hours to ensure that urgent matters are communicated swiftly with the writer.
The answer is yes. We value your efforts and trust to recommend us to your friends. We will offer you a discount on your next order if a client mentions your email when placing an order.
What guarantees should customers look for?
We have a written list of what we guarantee our clients in our terms. We guarantee the quality, confidentiality, free revision, original content, and timely delivery. We also guarantee money-back if, in the unlikely event, you are not happy with the quality of the paper.
What makes a reliable writing company?
It's easy to know a reputable company. First, they are transparent about their services. They offer multiple methods of communication and have qualified writers. Most importantly, they deliver your work on time, deliver original content, and honour what they have guaranteed.
Why should customers not opt for cheap essay writing services?
Cheap essay services will only waste your time. They have foreign writers who will produce plagiarized content full of grammar errors. You will waste your precious time waiting for a paper that you can't give your lecturer.
Is buying essays online safe?
It's safe to buy your essay if you take the right precaution. Before putting your money on a strange site, explore the website to see whether you will get customer reviews. They will help you make the right decision.
How do I hire someone to write an essay for me?
These are common questions with most clients. It's effortless to get a professional writer. The first step is to identify a custom research paper writing service that is legit and sign up. After that, they will guide you on how to place your order and get a writer. Some companies will allow you to choose a writer for yourself or choose a writer for you.
What types of writing services can I order online?
Our website offers a variety of legit essay services. We provide any academic assistance, including research projects, assignments, and admission letters. Visit our website to see what each service entails.
What benefits and additional features do Thecustomwriting.com services offer?
We offer several free services to our customers. We offer free revision, a discount on your first order, and free pages such as references and cover pages. Also, we have a quality control department that ensures that all papers are of high quality before delivering them to you.
Do websites maintain your privacy? Are orders secured?
Your privacy is our top priority. You will be recognized by your I.D. assigned to you after signup instead of your name. The only person who can access your account is you or anyone else you give your password. Your payment is through a third party. Therefore, your personal information will never reach our site without your consent.
What are the pros of ordering from custom writing services?
You get quality papers. We have writers with decades of experience delivering quality papers worth the client's money and much more. We understand your power to influence our progress. Your paper will be delivered on time and written by professional writers.
Hire a professional writer
Now that you know what to look for when considering the custom research paper writing services, it's time to try us. Sign up and get a discount on your first order. You don't have to worry about quality, timely delivery, and price. We know they are essential to you.